Ka Fiirsashada Ikhtiyaaradaada Baadhista Kaansarka Mindhicirka iyo Malawadka (Considering Your Options for Colorectal Cancer Screening)
Ballan sameyso

Wac rugtaada caafimaad oo balan ka qabso. Rugtaada caafimaad ayaa tilmaameysa in turjubaan loo baahan yahey.

Raadi rug caafimaad oo magaaladaada ku taala.

Weydiiso turjubaan
Waxaad xaq u leedahay turjubaan caafimaad oo lacag la'aan ah. Fadlan farta ku fiiq luqadaada. Turjubaan caafimaad baa laguugu yeerayaa ee sug.
Shuruucda Allina Health

Kaansarka mindhicirka iyo malawadka

Macluumaad guud

Kaansarka mindhicirka iyo malawadka (colorectal cancer) waa kaansar ka bilaabma mindhicirka ama malawadka. Waxay tahay sababta ugu weyn ee keenta geeri kaansar oo ku dhacda ragga iyo haweenka gudaha Maraykanka, inkasta oo xaqiiqo ahaan ay ka mid tahay noocyada kaansar ee laga hortagi karo inta ugu badan.

Baadhitaano caadi ah

Kaansarka mindhicirka iyo malawadka waxay daweyntu sida ugu fiican wax uga tartaa marka goor hore la helo ee loo daweeyo sida ugu dhakhsaha badan ee suurtogal ah. Waxa aad door firfircoon ka qaadan kartaa hore u ogaanshaha inta aad bixiyahaaga daryeelka caafimaadka kala hadashid ikhtiyaaradda baadhis ee ku yaala dhabarka kaadhkan marka haddii da’daadu tahay 50 ama ka weyn. U hubso sidoo kale inaad bixiyahaaga caymiska ama inshuuraniska weydiisid waxa qorshahaagu caymisku daboolayo kharashkooda ama aanuu daboolayn.

Ka-hortag

English: Colon cancer prevention

Talooyinka soo socda waxay horumarin karaan caafimaadka mindhicirka iyo malawadka.

  • Ha lagaa qaado baadhitaano joogto ah.
  • Diiwaan ku qor kaansarada ama burooyinka laga helo waalidkaaga ama walaalahaa.
  • Cun cunto uu ku yar yahay dufanku oo uu ku sareeyo dufku ama buushuhu (fiber).
  • Cun furuut, khudaar iyo xabuub kaamil ah oo badan.
  • Ha cabin sigaar.
  • Samee jimicsi joogto ah oo lahaw miisaan caafimaad leh.

I want to talk to you about a very important step you can take to protect your health and help prevent the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States – colorectal cancer.

Colorectal cancer may affect the colon, rectum, or both.

The colon, or large intestine, is a long, muscular tube that removes water from waste and then turns it into stool. The stool goes through the rectum and leaves your body through the anus.

Colorectal cancer occurs in this part of your body when old cells that should die continue to live, and new cells that aren't needed continue to grow and divide – forming cancerous growths that destroy the colon or rectum. Cancer can also spread to other parts of your body.

Colorectal cancer often has no warning signs, but sometimes people have signs including blood in the stool, change in bowel movements – such as constipation or diarrhea, pain in your belly, and a pencil-shaped stool.

If the cancer is found and treated early, about 9 out of 10 people who have colorectal cancer may live for another five years. If the cancer is found late, only about 1 out of 10 people live for five years; the other nine will die.  

Anyone can get colorectal cancer, but certain people are at a higher risk – especially African-American men and women, as well as any man or woman with a family history of colorectal cancer.

It is important to know that colorectal cancer can be treated if it is found early and removed. "Screening" is the process of looking for cancer, or for growths – called polyps – that can turn into cancer. 

It is important to know that colorectal cancer can be prevented. "Screening tests" are used to find cancer. Experts agree that everyone should have a colorectal cancer screening soon after turning 50.

If you are 50 or older, call your doctor to set up a screening appointment.

At your appointment, you will learn about the different screening tests to search for colorectal cancer.

A common screening test is called a colonoscopy – where a flexible tube with a tiny camera is inserted in your colon. The doctor can then see if you have any polyps. Polyps can be removed during this procedure.

To prepare for a colonoscopy, you will need to drink special liquids in your home that will clean your intestine. The liquids will help you have bowel movements to clean your colon before the colonoscopy.

You will also need to fast before your colonoscopy. Your doctor will give you instructions on how to fast.

Before you go to the hospital or clinic, make sure you arrange for a family member or friend to drive you home after the procedure. You will not be allowed to drive or use public transportation after your colonoscopy.

Right before your colonoscopy, your doctor will give you medicine that will make you sleepy and help you be more comfortable during the procedure. A colonoscopy takes less than an hour, but you should plan on being at the facility for about two hours.

Colonoscopies are done once every 10 years. You may need to have the procedure done more often if you have had any polyps.

Another screening test is called a fecal test. This is a common test where you will collect a small stool sample using a kit in the privacy, comfort, and convenience of your own home. The kit you receive comes with a small stick or brush to collect the sample, a small container to place the sample, and an envelope to mail the sample to your doctor. You will not need to touch the stool.

The fecal test is used to search for tiny amounts blood in your stool that may be caused by cancer in your colon or rectum. If blood is found in your stool, you will need more tests.

A fecal test is done once every year.

Both screening tests should be covered by most insurance plans. Check with your insurance provider before getting a screening test to make sure it is covered by your plan.

To prevent colorectal cancer, the most important thing you can do is get screened if you are 50 years of age or older. Make an appointment with your doctor. Colorectal cancer screening has saved many lives, and it could save yours as well.

Ikhtiyaarada baadhista

Ikhtiyaarada baadhista

Kharashka

Inteer jeer

Anfac

Anfac-daro

Mindhicir fiirin (Colonoscopy)
Tuubo jilicsan oo leh kamerad yar ayaa la galinayaa malawadkaaga oo la sii dhex marinayaa dhammaan xiidmahaaga ama mindhicirkaaga.
$$$ 10 sanno kasta
  • Waxa la fiiriyaa dhammaan mindhicirka.
  • Haddii la helo buro, isla markiiba waa la jari karaa.
  • Waxa aad u baahan doontaa inaad nadiif ka dhigtid mindhicirkaaga ka hor baadhitaanka.
  • Waxa laguu sameyn doonaa suuxin khafiif ah waxana aad u baahan doontaa qof guriga baabuurka kugu geeya ka dib baadhitaanka.
Tuubo jilicsan ku baadhista xiidmaha (Flexible sigmoidoscopy)
Tuubo jilicsan oo leh iftiin yar ayaa la galinayaa malawadkaaga oo la sii dhex marinayaa xiidmahaaga hoose.
$$ shan sanno kasta
  • Laguma suuxin doono sidaa daraadeed baabuur baad guriga isku geyn kartaa ka dib baadhista.
  • Waxa lagu fiiriyaa kaliya qaybta hoose ee mindhicirka. Waa uu gafi doonaa burooyinka haddii ay ka jiraan qaybta sare ee mindhicirka.
  • Waxa aad u baahan doontaa inaad nadiifisid xiidmahaaga ka hor baadhista.
  • Waxa laga yaabaa inaad yeelatid xoogaa ah raaxo-daro.
  • Haddii natiijooyinku fiican yihiin, waxa aad u baahan doontaa mindhicir fiirin (colonoscopy).
Baadhitaanka saxarada
Kan waa baadhis shaybaadh oo lagu helo dhiig qarsoon oo ku jira saxarada.
$ Sannad kasta
  • Saxarada waxa lagu soo ururiyaa guriga
  • Uma baahnid inaad qaadatid cunto gaar ah.
  • Uma baahnid inaad nadiif ka dhigtid mindhicirkaaga.
  • Haddii natiijooyinku fiican yihiin, waxa aad u baahan doontaa mindhicir fiirin (colonoscopy).
  • Ma heli doonto dhammaan burooyinka iyo kaansarada qaarkood.

Akhbaarta meeshaan uqoran waxaa loogu talagaley inay taageerto, maha iney bedasho xiriirka ka dhexeeyabukaanka iyo dhakhtarkiisa ama dhakhtarkeeda.

Source: Allina Health's Patient Education Department, La Noolaanshaha Sonkorowga, dia-somali-ah-23909 (For an English version, see Living with Diabetes, dia-ah-23911.)
First Published: 01/15/2015
Last Reviewed: 09/15/2016