Whooping cough pertussis

Whooping cough pertussis

The DTaP (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis) vaccine should be given to your child at 2 months, 4 months, 6 months and 18 months. A booster should be given between the ages of 4 and 6.

Whooping cough (pertussis) is caused by a bacteria. The germs get into your child's nose, throat and lungs. It starts with cold-like symptoms.

The cough becomes worse in about 10 days. The severe cough may be followed by a "whooping" sound. Your child's face may even turn a bluish or reddish color. It is common to vomit after a coughing spell.

Symptoms of whooping cough are:

  • runny nose
  • fever
  • severe coughing that often leads to vomiting (In a younger child it may lead to periods of not breathing or turning blue.)
  • a "whooping" sound when taking a breath after coughing

How to make your child feel more comfortable

Give your child:

Antibiotics do not improve the cough but will keep your child from being able to spread whooping cough. Make sure your child finishes the prescription, even if they feel better. Family members will also need to take antibiotics.

Your child is at risk for infection to the bacteria if they are younger than 6 months old or has not had the recommended vaccine by 6 months old.

Source: Allina Health's Patient Education, Guide for the Care of Children: Ages Birth to 5, sixth edition, ped-ah-91554
First Published: 02/01/2010
Last Reviewed: 11/16/2022