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  • Pneumonia is an infection or inflammation of the lungs. Germs - such as bacteria, virus and fungus - cause pneumonia. It can be cured with antibiotic medicine only if it is caused by bacteria.

    Symptoms may include:

    • fever
    • chills
    • cough
    • rapid breathing
    • wheezing or grunting sound during breathing
    • other breathing problems
    • vomiting
    • chest pain
    • stomach pain
    • fatigue
    • loss of appetite
    • bluish gray color to lips

    When to call your health care provider

    Call your health care provider if your child:

    • has trouble breathing or breathes fast
    • has a bluish or gray color to his lips
    • refuses to drink adequate liquids
    • has a fever that lasts longer than three days
    • has no energy
    • has "flaring" or widening nostrils when breathing
    • has ribs that sink in and out when breathing
  • Source: Allina Health's Patient Education Department, Guide for the Care of Children: Ages Birth to 5 Years Old, fifth edition. To avoid awkward sentences, instead of referring to your child as "he/she" or "him/her," this guide will alternate between "he" or she" and "him" or "her."
    Reviewed by: Allina Health's Patient Education Department experts, including the Pediatric Department of Allina Health Coon Rapids Clinic
    First published: 02/01/2010
    Last reviewed: 01/01/2016