Anesthesia is a combination of medicines that block the feelings of pain and awareness of your surroundings during surgery. You also will receive other pain medicine to give you pain relief during and after surgery.

Before surgery you will meet with the anesthesia team. This includes an anesthesiologist and a certified registered nurse anesthetist.

The anesthesiologist will review your medical history and talk with you about anesthesia. This information will help create the best anesthesia care plan for you.

General Anesthesia

General anesthesia is a combination of medicines that makes you completely unaware of what is happening during surgery. It acts mainly on your brain and nervous system and affects your entire body. You receive it by an intravenous (IV) line or by inhaling it. A breathing tube allows you to breathe while you are under the anesthesia. During general anesthesia you are unconscious.

Minor side effects such as sore throat, hoarseness, nausea and drowsiness are the most common. These side effects usually go away in one day.

Source: Allina Health's Patient Education Department, Understanding Your Colon or Rectal Surgery, can-ah-95399
First Published: 01/24/2013
Last Reviewed: 08/15/2017