Before surgery knee exercises

Before surgery exercise program

You may have discovered you have been less active because of your hip joint discomfort. When muscles are not used, they become weak and do not perform well in supporting and moving your body.

Having your hip surgery will correct the joint problem, but you will need a regular exercise program to strengthen and stretch your muscles to properly support your new joint.

Beginning an exercise program before surgery can greatly help your recovery.

The following section list several exercises for you to work on before your surgery. Because everyone responds to exercise differently, you need to be the judge of how much exercise you can do each day. If an exercise causes an increase in discomfort, stop doing that exercise.

You should try to exercise one to two times a day, every day, before surgery. Work up to doing 10 to 20 repetitions of each exercise. It may be helpful to do these exercises on both legs.

For the most comfort, do the exercises lying down. Your bed is an excellent place to do your exercises.

Hip exercises – before surgery

ankle pumps

Ankle pumps

Pump your feet up and down by pulling your feet up toward you, then pushing your feet down away from you.

thighsqueeze

Thigh squeezes (quadriceps sets)

Tighten the muscles on the top of your thigh by pushing the back of your knee down into the bed. Hold for 5 seconds and relax.

buttocks squeeze

Buttocks squeezes (gluteal sets)

Tighten your buttocks muscles by squeezing the muscles together. Hold for 5 seconds and relax.

heel slides

Heel slides (hip and knee flexion)

Bend your surgical hip and knee by sliding your heel up toward your buttocks while keeping your heel on the bed. Slide your heel back down to the starting position and relax. Keep your kneecap pointed up toward the ceiling during the exercise. You may want to use a plastic bag under your heel to help it slide easier.

leg slides

Leg slides (abduction/adduction)

Slide your surgical leg out to the side, keeping your kneecap pointed up toward the ceiling. Slide your leg back to the starting position. You may want to use a plastic bag under your heel to help it slide easier.

lyingkicks

Lying kicks (short arc quadriceps)

Lie on your back with a rolled-up blanket or towel (at least 6 inches in diameter) under the knee of your surgical leg. Straighten your surgical leg. Hold for 5 seconds. Slowly lower your leg down and relax. The back of your knee should stay in contact with the blanket or towel during the exercise.

legraises

Straight leg raises

Bend your other leg with your foot flat on the bed. Raise your surgical leg up (about 12 inches), keeping your knee straight. Work up to holding for 5 seconds. Slowly lower your leg down and relax. If you are unable to do this exercise lying down, you can also do it standing up. Also see these additional standing exercises.

bedmobility

Bed mobility exercise

Lie flat on your back. Come up on both elbows. Straighten your arms out behind you and come to a sitting position. Lower yourself down onto your elbows again, then down to lying flat.

chairpushup

Chair pushups

Sit on a sturdy chair with arms. Hold the arms of the chair. Push down on the chair arms, straightening your elbows so you raise your buttocks a few inches off the seat of the chair. Work up to holding for 5 seconds. Lower yourself slowly back into the chair. If your arms are weak, use your legs to help raise your buttocks off the seat of the chair.  

sitting kicks

Sitting kicks (long arc quads)

Sit on a sturdy chair. Straighten your knee. Hold for 5 seconds. Slowly lower your leg down and relax.

Source: Allina Health's Patient Education Department, Hip Replacement, fifth edition, ortho-ah-90139
First Published: 10/01/2000
Last Reviewed: 05/26/2017