How is gestational diabetes managed?

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The goal of managing gestational diabetes is to keep your blood glucose levels within a "normal" range for pregnancy. Your health care provider or diabetes educator will tell you what this range is.

Certain things directly affect your blood glucose level, including:

You can control all of these things with help from your health care provider and diabetes educator.

Until your baby is born, you will have to think carefully every day about your food choices, the timing of your meals, your activity level and your exercise routine. You'll have to plan your day's schedule to make room for eating, exercising and checking your blood glucose regularly.

General guidelines will help you choose foods and a routine. However, you may need to tailor your diet and exercise plan from time to time to achieve the results you want.

Sometimes, even when all guidelines are carefully followed, blood glucose doesn't stay at an acceptable level. In these cases, it's necessary to add medicines to your management plan.

This is a major change in your life. Expect it to take concentration and effort at first. Try not to get impatient with yourself.

Remember that many resources are available to you. Your health care provider, the diabetes educators at your clinic or at your hospital's diabetes center, and this online information are all here to help you.

Source: Allina Health's Patient Education Department, Gestational Diabetes: When You Have Diabetes During Pregnancy, third edition, ISBN 1-931876-21-6
Reviewed By: Reviewed by Allina Health's Patient Education Department experts
First Published: 11/27/2006
Last Reviewed: 01/20/2014