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Medicines that may be used during your recovery after surgery

  • Some of these medicines are only used while you are in the hospital. Your health care team will give you instructions for any medicines you need to take after you leave the hospital.

    Medicines that may be used during your recovery after surgery
    Type of medicine Examples Purpose Possible side effects Preventing side effects
    Short-acting medicine
    • oxycodone
    • hydrocodone and acetaminophen (Norco®, Vicodin®)
    • hydromorphone (Dilaudid®)
    • acetaminophen (Tylenol®)
    • other:__________            
    • Manage pain after surgery
    • upset stomach (nausea)
    • throwing up (vomiting)
    • constipation
    • dizziness
    • drowsiness
    • headache
    • itching
    • dry mouth
    • Drink plenty of liquids.
    • Do not take on an empty stomach.
    • Stool softeners may help prevent constipation.
    Long-acting pain medicine
    • oxycodone (OxyContin®)
    • other:__________                     
    • Provide long- lasting pain control
    Stool softeners
    • docusate sodium (Colace®)
    • sennosides (ex-lax® Maximum Strength Stimulant Laxative) or senna (Senokot®)
    • magnesium hydroxide (milk of magnesia)
    • bisacodyl (Dulcolax®)
    • other:__________                       
    • Help to prevent constipation
    • diarrhea
    • nausea
    • stomach cramps
    • dizziness
    • Drink plenty of liquids.
    Anti-inflammatory pain medicine
    • ketorolac (Toradol®)
    • celecoxib (Celebrex®)
    • ibuprofen (Advil®, Motrin®)
    • other:__________                       
    • Decrease swelling at the surgery site
    • nausea
    • gas
    • dizziness
    • drowsiness
    • headache
    • Do not take on an empty stomach.
    Antibiotics
    • cefazolin (Ancef®, Kefzol®)
    • vancomycin (Vancocin®)
    • other:__________                       
    • Help to prevent infection at the surgery site
    • diarrhea
    • itching
    • Take for only a short time after surgery. Follow any instructions given to you.
    Anti-nausea
    • ondansetron (Zofran®)
    • prochlorperazine (Compazine®)
    • other:__________                       
    • Help to decrease nausea
    • dry mouth
    • blurred vision
    • constipation
    • dizziness
    • lightheadedness
    • headache
    • Do not take on an empty stomach.
    Blood thinning medicines (anti-coagulation)
    • aspirin
    • warfarin (Coumadin®, Jantoven®)
    • enoxaparin (Lovenox®)
    • rivaroxaban (Xarelto®)
    • other:__________                       
    • Help to prevent blood clots
    • bruising
    • nausea
    • heart burn
    • skin rash
    • Take for only a short time after surgery. Follow any instructions given to you.
    • Do not do activities that may lead to injury.