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Sick day tips

    • If you become ill or get an infection, your blood glucose levels will often rise.
    • If you are taking insulin, continue your insulin as prescribed.
    • Check your blood glucose levels as directed by your educator or health care provider.
    • If a blood glucose level is higher than recommended for two readings in a row, check your urine ketones.
    • If your ketone reading is moderate or large, call your health care provider and provide your blood glucose and ketone readings.
    • If you can't eat your regular foods, try these foods in place of carbohydrate foods (starches, fruits and milk). Replace one carbohydrate food (15 grams) with one of the following:
      • 4 ounces fruit juice
      • 4 ounces regular pop
      • 6 saltine crackers
      • ½ twin Popsicle®
      • ½ cup regular gelatin (Jell-O®)
      • 8 ounces soup
      • ½ cup unsweetened applesauce
      • 1 slice bread
    • If you can't tolerate the replacement foods, try to eat one serving of a carbohydrate-containing food every one to two hours to prevent low blood glucose and dehydration.
    • Drink a total of six to eight 8-ounce glasses of fluids during the day to avoid dehydration . Take small sips.
    • After three to four hours without vomiting, gradually return to your normal meal plan.
  • Source: Source: Allina Health's Patient Education Department, Gestational Diabetes: When You Have Diabetes During Pregnancy, third edition, ISBN 1-931876-21-6
    Reviewed by: Reviewed by Allina Health's Patient Education Department experts
    First published: 11/27/2006
    Last reviewed: 01/20/2014