Hyperglycemia or high blood glucose

Somali: Hibergilisiimiya (hyperglycemia) (gulukoos dhiig oo sareysa)

Hyperglycemia means that your blood glucose is above your target range and you need to take action to lower it.

Causes of high blood glucose

Causes include:

  • too much food
  • not enough diabetes pills or insulin
  • not enough physical activity
  • surgery
  • steroid medicine
  • illness
  • infection
  • physical or emotional stress

Symptoms of high blood glucose

  • increased thirst
  • frequent urination
  • less energy
  • blurred vision
  • hunger

Treatment and prevention of hyperglycemia

The best way to treat hyperglycemia is to pay attention to your daily routine or manage your diabetes.

In your daily routine:

Call your health care provider or diabetes educator if your blood glucose is over 250 mg/dL for 2 to 3 days in a row. You may need a change in your treatment.

If you have type 2 diabetes, follow the blood glucose scale.

Target blood glucose ranges:

Fasting: ____________________

Two hours after meals: ____________________

Bedtime: ____________________

Source: Allina Health's Patient Education Department, Basic Skills for Living with Diabetes, sixth edition
First Published: 11/27/2006
Last Reviewed: 01/09/2015