You can lower your LDL cholesterol and triglycerides and raise your HDL cholesterol by taking cholesterol-lowering medicine, getting regular exercise and/or making changes to your eating.
The following are ways to make changes to your eating.
Eat no more than four to seven ounces of fish, poultry or lean meat a day. Try to include some meat-free meals in your weekly eating plan.
At least 25 grams of soy in place of animal protein a day can help lower your cholesterol.
Eat two to three servings of fat-free or low-fat dairy products every day.
Eat no more than three to six teaspoons of fats and oils a day (one serving is equal to five grams of fat or one teaspoon). Saturated fats and trans fats promote plaque formation.
One egg yolk a day may not be of concern. Use cholesterol-free egg products when making eggs often.
Eat one and one-half to two cups of fruit and two to three cups of vegetables every day.
Eat four to 10 ounces a day. Choose whole-grain products. One ounce is generally one-half cup cooked product. Try to eat 25 grams or more of fiber each day.
Allina Health's Patient Education Department, Foods that lower your cholesterol level, nutr-ahc-30669 and nutr-ah-14069
Allina Health's Patient Education Department experts
Cholesterol is a fat-like substance suspended in your blood. It is made by your liver and is also found in some foods you eat.
Your total cholesterol blood test value includes three parts:
LDL (low density lipoprotein) cholesterol is "bad" cholesterol. When too much LDL builds up on your artery walls, plaque forms and blocks blood flow. This can cause heart disease, peripheral artery disease and stroke.
HDL (high density lipoprotein) cholesterol is the "good" cholesterol. HDL helps to get rid of extra cholesterol from your blood and tissue. This may prevent or reverse blood vessel problems by taking the cholesterol from the plaque.
Triglycerides is a fat digested from food that is released into your bloodstream. It either gives your body energy or it is stored as fat. Triglycerides come from dietary fat, high sugar foods, too much alcohol or too many calories.