What is a regular diet? A regular diet is a meal plan that includes a variety of foods from all of the food groups listed below. A healthy meal plan is low in unhealthy fats, salt, and added sugar. Follow this meal plan if you do not have any health problems that require a special diet. A healthy meal plan may reduce your risk of heart disease, osteoporosis (brittle bones), and some types of cancer. Ask your dietitian how much you should eat from each food group.
Fruits and vegetables: Half of your plate should contain fruits and vegetables.
Fruits: Choose fresh, canned, or dried fruit instead of fruit juice as often as possible.
- 1 cup of fruit juice
- 1 cup of sliced, diced, cooked, or canned fruit
- 1 large peach, orange, or banana
- ½ cup of dried fruit
Vegetables: Eat more dark green, red, and orange vegetables. Dark green vegetables include broccoli, spinach, romaine lettuce, and collard greens. Examples of orange and red vegetables are carrots, sweet potatoes, winter squash, oranges, and red peppers.
- 1 cup of cooked or raw vegetables
- 1 cup of vegetable juice
- 2 cups of raw leafy greens
Grains: Half of the grains you eat each day should be whole grains.
- ½ cup of cooked brown rice or cooked oatmeal
- 1 cup (1 ounce) of whole-grain dry cereal
- 1 slice of 100% whole-wheat or rye bread
- 3 cups of popped popcorn
- ½ cup of cooked white rice or pasta
- ½ of an English muffin
- 1 small flour or corn tortilla
- 1 mini bagel
Dairy Foods: Choose fat-free or low-fat dairy foods.
- 1½ ounces of hard cheese (mozzarella, Swiss, cheddar)
- 1 cup (8 ounces) of low-fat or fat-free milk or yogurt
- 1 cup of low-fat frozen yogurt or pudding
Meat and other protein sources: Choose lean meats and poultry. Bake, broil, and grill meat instead of frying it. Include a variety of seafood in place of some meat and poultry each week. Eat a variety of protein foods.
- ½ ounce of nuts (12 almonds, 24 pistachios, 7 walnut halves) or 1 tablespoon of peanut butter (1 ounce)
- ¼ cup of soy tofu or tempeh (1 ounce)
- 1 egg
- ¼ cup of cooked dried beans, peas, or lentils (1 ounce)
- 1 small chicken breast or 1 small trout (about 3 ounces)
- 1 salmon steak (4 to 6 ounces)
- 1 small lean hamburger (2 to 3 ounces)
Fats: Limit saturated fats, trans fats, and cholesterol. These unhealthy fats are found in shortening, butter, stick margarine, and animal fat. Choose healthy fats such as polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats:
- 1 tablespoon of canola, olive, corn, sunflower, or soybean oil
- 1 tablespoon of soft margarine
- 1 teaspoon of mayonnaise
- 2 tablespoons of salad dressing
- ½ of an avocado
What foods should I limit? Try to limit the following types of foods in each group whenever possible. They are high in total fat, unhealthy fats, sugar, and calories.
Breads and starches:
- Cookies, donuts, croissants, store-bought muffins, or other high-fat breads
Fruits and vegetables:
- Fruit in pastries, ice cream, or rich desserts
- Fried vegetables such as French fries
- Vegetables made with cream sauces or topped with cheese
- Cream and regular hard cheeses
- Regular and premium ice cream
- Whole milk, half and half, and regular eggnog
Meat and other protein sources:
- Meats, seafood, or poultry that are fried or that are served with high-fat gravies and sauces
- High-fat meats such as sausages, bacon, lunch meats, and organ meats
- Butter, stick margarine, lard, and shortening
- Visible fat on any meat, fish, or poultry
What other guidelines should I follow?
- Choose and prepare foods and drinks with less salt and added sugars. Use the nutrition information on food labels to help you make healthy choices. The percent daily value listed on the food label tells you whether a food is low or high in certain nutrients. A percent daily value of 5% or less means that the food is low in a nutrient. A percent daily value of 20% or more means that the food is high in a nutrient.
- Get 2 hours and 30 minutes or more of physical activity each week, such as brisk walking. Get 1 hour and 15 minutes of physical activity each week if the activity requires a higher level of effort, such as running. Spread physical activity throughout the week. Talk to your caregiver about the best exercise plan for you.
- Limit the amount of alcohol you drink. Alcohol can damage your brain, heart, and liver. It can increase your risk of a stroke and high blood pressure. Women should limit alcohol to 1 drink a day. Men should limit alcohol to 2 drinks a day. A drink of alcohol is 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine, or 1½ ounces of liquor.
You have the right to help plan your care. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.
© 2015 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.