Hormone Replacement Therapy in Women


What is hormone replacement therapy? Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is medicine to replace your low hormone levels. HRT is most common for women who are going through menopause. HRT contains estrogen and sometimes progestin.

What are hormones and how do they work? Hormones are chemicals that your body makes to control certain body functions. The main female hormones are estrogen and progesterone. These are made by your ovaries. These hormones are an important part of your reproductive system.

What are the signs and symptoms of low hormone levels?

Why might I have low hormone levels?

Who should not take HRT? You should not take HRT if you have any of the following conditions:

What else should I know about HRT? HRT helps prevent osteoporosis, which decreases your risk for bone fractures. HRT also protects you from colorectal cancer. HRT may increase your risk for breast cancer, blood clots, heart disease, and stroke.

How often should I follow up with my caregiver? You will need to return to see your caregiver at least once a year. You may need tests, such a pap smear or mammogram. Your caregiver will ask how you are responding to HRT, and change your dose if needed.

When should I contact my caregiver?

When should I seek immediate care or call 911?


You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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