Low Fat Diet


What is a low-fat diet? A low-fat diet is an eating plan that is low in total fat, unhealthy fat, and cholesterol. You may need to follow a low-fat diet if you have trouble digesting or absorbing fat. You may also need to follow this diet if you have high cholesterol. You can also lower your cholesterol by increasing the amount of fiber in your diet. Soluble fiber is a type of fiber that helps to decrease cholesterol levels.

What are the different types of fat in food?

What foods should I limit or avoid?

What foods should I include?

What are some other ways to decrease fat?

How can I decrease fat in recipes? Replace high-fat ingredients with low-fat or nonfat ones. This may cause baked goods to be drier than usual. You may need to use nonfat cooking spray on pans to prevent food from sticking. You also may need to change the amount of other ingredients, such as water, in the recipe. Try the following:

How can I increase fiber? Eat enough high-fiber foods to get 20 to 30 grams of fiber every day. Slowly increase your fiber intake to avoid stomach cramps, gas, and other problems.

What are the risks of not following a low-fat diet? You may develop heart disease if you have high cholesterol and do not follow a low-fat diet. Heart disease may lead to a heart attack or stroke. If you have trouble digesting or absorbing fat and you do not follow this diet, you may continue to have side effects. These side effects include diarrhea, bloating, and cramping.


You have the right to help plan your care. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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