What is rubella? Rubella, or German measles, is an infection caused by a virus. Rubella is spread when an infected person coughs or sneezes.

What are the signs and symptoms of rubella?

How is rubella diagnosed? Your caregiver may be able to diagnose rubella based on your symptoms and physical exam. You may need a blood test to confirm the infection.

How is rubella treated?

What are the risks of rubella? You may have joint pain and swelling. Your testicles may be inflamed. The infection may spread to your brain and cause it to swell, which can be life-threatening. Rubella can cause severe birth defects during pregnancy, especially during the first 3 months. These include deafness or damage to the baby's eyes, heart, brain, or nerves.

How can I manage my symptoms?

Where can I find more information?

When should I contact my caregiver? Contact your caregiver if:

When should I seek immediate care? Seek care immediately or call 911 if:


You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

© 2015 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.