Prostate cancer risk factors

The causes of prostate cancer are not well understood. However, studies show that some risk factors can increase a man's risk of developing it.

A prostate risk factor may be any of the following:

Age

Being older than 55 is a prostate cancer risk factor. The average age of patients at the time of diagnosis is 70.

Family history

Having a father or brother with the disease is a prostate cancer risk factor.

Race

Being African American is another prostate cancer risk factor. Prostate cancer is less common in white, Asian and American Indian men.

Diet

Eating high-fat foods may increase your risk of getting prostate cancer.


A diet high in fruits and vegetables may decrease your prostate cancer risk. Learn more about diet and disease.

Source: Allina Health's Patient Education Department, Prostate Cancer, can-ahc-14188 (3/02)
Reviewed By: Lisa Hiedeman, RN coordinator, Virginia Piper Cancer Institute Prostate Cancer Program and Heather Christie, RN coordinator, Virginia Piper Cancer Institute Prostate Cancer Program
First Published: 03/01/2009
Last Reviewed: 09/22/2009