Somali: Kaansarka mindhicirka iyo malawadka
Spanish: Cáncer colorectal: Factores de riesgo
An understanding of risk factors associated with colorectal cancer can be the first step toward prevention.
Risk factors for colon cancer:
Colorectal cancers occur most often in people who are over the age of 50, and the risk increases as people get older.
Having a first order relative (parent, sister or brother or child) who has had colorectal cancer increases a person's risk of developing this disease. The more family members who have had colon cancer, the higher the risk.
Most colorectal cancers develop in certain types of polyps or tissue growths. Colorectal polyps are noncancerous, but they may become cancerous over time.
The risk of developing colon cancer seems to be higher in people whose diet is high in fat and low in fiber.
Over time, colorectal polyps, ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease cause inflammation of the lining of the colon. A history of these diseases greatly increases the risk of colon cancer. Special screening can find early cancer changes.
Using tobacco, being overweight and not getting regular exercise can increase the risk of colon cancer.
The following suggestions can promote colorectal health.
If you have any questions or concerns, please talk with your
health care provider.
Health's Patient Education Department, Colorectal Cancer: What You Need to
Know, can-ahc-14310 (3/05); American Cancer Society, All
About Colon and Rectum Cancer
Casandra A. Anderson, MD
Worried about inheriting colon cancer or passing it on? Our genetic counselors can help.
Even after a cancer diagnosis, quitting smoking will improve your health.