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Movement disorders

  • Movement – even simple movement – is a result of complex coordination between the brain and muscles by means of signals transmitted through nerves in the spinal cord. A movement disorder is a neurological condition that interferes with this intricate process, to the point it affects the speed, flow or ease of movement. A person with a movement disorder may exhibit movement that is excessive, involuntary, slowed or completely absent. 

    Movement disorders encompass a broad range of conditions. Causes range from injury to autoimmune disease, inherited conditions, infection or certain medications. In general, most disorders begin slowly and become progressively worse. 

    Some of the more common movement disorders include:

    Signs of a movement disorder vary and can include tremors, stiffness, trouble sleeping, and changes in voice and sense of smell. Treatment and outcomes also vary, with some disorders responding to medicine, and others improving when an underlying cause is found and treated. Sometimes there is no cure for the disorder. In those instances, the objective is to minimize symptoms and reduce pain.

    If you or a loved one experience changes in your health that don’t improve, it’s important to seek medical attention. The health care experts at Allina Health can help determine the cause, and offer treatment and care options.

  • Source: Okeanis Vaou, MD, Noran Neurological Clinic, PA
    Reviewed by: Okeanis Vaou, MD, Noran Neurological Clinic, PA
    First published: 03/22/2016
    Last reviewed: 03/22/2016