There are two types of surgery: laparoscopic and open nephrectomy. Most donors have laparoscopic. The transplant team will tell you which you are having before surgery.
Most often, the left kidney is donated.
Known as "minimally invasive surgery," laparoscopic surgery uses smaller incisions than an open nephrectomy. This results in a shorter hospital stay and quicker recovery time.
The surgeon makes an incision in your abdomen and guides a laparoscope to the kidney. The laparoscope looks like a wand with a camera on the end. The camera shows your kidney and blood vessels on a computer screen. The surgeon makes other smaller incisions to remove the kidney. The average hospital stay is two to three days.
*If you are having a laparoscopic surgery and problems happen during surgery, you may need to have an open nephrectomy. (This is rare.)
Known as major surgery, an open nephrectomy uses a larger incision in your side than laparoscopic surgery. The surgeon makes an incision in your side and removes the kidney. The average hospital stay is three to five days.
If you are traveling for surgery, you can stay near Abbott Northwestern Hospital. The Sheraton Minneapolis Midtown Hotel is located next to the Abbott Northwestern Hospital campus. For reservation and other information, call 1-800-325-3535 or 612-821-7600.
Both you and the recipient will have a final hospital visit before surgery. This visit happens about one week before surgery. At this visit you will:
For your convenience during your hospital stay, consider the following suggestions.
General anesthesia puts you to sleep so you do not feel the surgery. An anesthesiologist or certified registered nurse anesthetist (CRNA) will give you the anesthesia.
The anesthetic (type of medicine used) affects your entire body. You will receive the anesthetic through an injection (shot) or by breathing it. A breathing tube helps you breathe while you are asleep. The anesthesiologist of CRNA stays with you during the entire surgery.
After surgery, you may have a few side effects from the anesthesia. They are:
Allina Health Patient Education, Kidney Transplant Information for Recipients and Donors, renal_ahc_93498
Allina Patient Education experts, including the Transplantation Department of Abbott Northwestern Hospital