You can help your heart by living a healthy lifestyle.
People who smoke cigarettes are two to four times more likely to develop heart disease than people who do not smoke. They are at an increased risk for heart attack, stroke, circulatory problems, cancer and lung disorders.
Cigarette smoke contains more than 7,000 chemicals. At least 69 can cause cancer. If you smoke, every time you puff on a cigarette, cigar or pipe, you breathe in:
Tobacco is addictive because of nicotine, a drug that affects the central nervous system.
When you smoke, nicotine enters your bloodstream and travels to your brain in 10 seconds. You get a "kick" because your brain releases chemicals that cause pleasure.
The effects wear off quickly leading to the urge to use more nicotine to continue feeling pleasure.
Cigarette smoking has been linked to most cases of all lung cancer cases and one-third of all cancers. Smoking:
(Source: Centers for Disease and Control Prevention)
Secondhand smoke is a mixture of smoke coming from the burning tips of cigarettes, pipes and cigars and smoke exhaled by people who smoke.
Anyone around secondhand smoke breathes in the chemicals from the tobacco smoke. Secondhand smoke causes death and disease in people who do not smoke.
Secondhand smoke is a known cause of cancer.
The only way to protect your family from secondhand smoke is to live in a smoke-free environment. No amount of secondhand smoke is safe.
Thirdhand smoke is the chemicals left behind after secondhand smoke.
It is what you smell on your clothes, hair, furniture or in the car. Thirdhand smoke is also the brown film on the walls.
Smokeless tobacco products (snuff, chewing tobacco and tobacco products that dissolve) are not a safe alternative to smoking. Any form of tobacco contains many toxins and high levels of nicotine. On average, smokeless tobacco actually contains more nicotine than cigarettes.
Smokeless tobacco causes:
It affects your heart by increasing your heart rate and blood pressure.
An e-cigarette (ENDS – electronic nicotine delivery system) is a device used in place of smoking tobacco. It is a small tube that is often made to look like a cigarette. They also come in many other varieties.
Nicotine liquid or nicotine-free liquid (often called "juice") is put in the e-cigarette. Each time you take a puff, the liquid moves past a small metal coil. The coil heats up and warms the liquid causing it to come out as steam that looks like cigarette smoke. You breathe the chemical steam in and out, which is usually called "vaping."
The steam you breathe in and out is the vaporized chemicals found in the liquid, along with any chemical changes from the heated metal.
E-cigarettes are not approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). They are in the process of being regulated by the FDA. They are also not approved by the Food and Drug Administration. The chemicals used in the liquid do not have t be safe. The FDA only requires the chemical names to be listed on the products.
Private and federally-funded testing has found at least 26 chemicals in the liquid, including:
Testing has also found chemicals known to cause cancer in humans.
E-cigarettes are not made to help you quit smoking. They were made to be like smoking cigarettes. All major tobacco companies own and make e-cigarettes.
All Allina Health facilities are tobacco free. E-cigarettes are now regulated as a tobacco product.
If you smoke, your goal is to quit. The benefits of quitting happen right away and last for many years.
Allina Health's Patient Education Department, Heart Failure, fifth edition, 1-931876-20-7
Allina Health's Patient Education Department experts
Tobacco use is the most preventable cause of death in the U.S.
Cigarette smoking is the most common form of nicotine addiction in the U.S.
Nicotine has effects like both caffeine ("upper") and alcohol ("downer").
Each year, secondhand smoke causes about 41,000 deaths.
(Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
In one year of quitting smoking, your risk of heart disease is reduced by more than half. Quitting also reduces the risk of a second heart attack if you've already had one.
(Source: National Institutes of Health)