Heart-healthy recipe substitutions

Use the chart below to help you change your favorite recipes into heart-healthy ones.

Ingredients   Use instead
1 whole egg
  • ¼ cup egg substitute
  • 2 egg whites
1 cup butter, shortening or lard
  • 1 cup margarine
  • ½ cup margarine plus ½ cup fruit puree (applesauce or prune)
1 cup oil in baked goods
  • equal amounts of fruit puree or applesauce
  • decrease oil to 2/3 cup
1 cup whole milk
  • 1 cup skim milk
cream
  • evaporated skim milk
1 cup sour cream
  • 1 cup plan low-fat yogurt
  • 1 cup low-fat cottage cheese blended with 1 tablespoon lemon juice, add skim milk to desired consistency
  • 1 cup low-fat sour cream
1 ounce (one square) baking chocolate
  • 3 tablespoons powdered cocoa and 1 tablespoon oil
1 cup ice cream
  • 1 cup sherbet, low-fat frozen yogurt or low-fat ice cream
cream soup
  • reduced-fat or fat-free cream soup 
1 tablespoon cream cheese
  • 1 tablespoon Neufchatel cheese
  • 1 tablespoon light cream cheese or fat-free cream cheese
1 ounce cheddar, colby, swiss cheese
  • 1 ounce cheese that contains 2 to 6 grams of fat (or fewer) per ounce
salt
  • herbs or spices
  • In most recipes, you can cut the salt in half.

Source: Allina Health's Patient Education Department, Heart Failure, fifth edition
First Published: 10/04/2002
Last Reviewed: 12/10/2015