When your blood glucose levels stay raised despite meal planning and physical activity, insulin must be added to your management plan to keep you and your baby healthy.
Pregnancy requires that your body produce extra amounts of insulin.
Insulin is a hormone that is made by the pancreas. If your pancreas does not make enough insulin, injections can help you meet the need.
Your health care provider and diabetes educator will teach you how to inject insulin safely and comfortably.
Keep a record of the type and amount of insulin you take. It is important that you know and remember your insulin type every time you speak with a health care provider.
Your health care provider will decide what kind of insulin is right for you, how much to use and when you should take it, based on:
Sometimes, you may need more than one type of insulin. Different types of insulin work at different speeds, and your health care provider may combine insulins to achieve the best results for you.
Rapid acting: Humalog® (lispro) NovoLog® (aspart) Apidra® (glulisine)
5 to 15 minutes
1 to 2 hours
2 to 4 hours
Intermediate acting: NPH (N)
4 to 8 hours
10 to 16 hours
Basal*: Lantus® (glargine) Levemir® (detemir)
*Lantus® and Levemir® cannot be mixed with any other insulin.
Most insulins are available in a pre-filled pen you throw away after use. See the product insert for specific use guidelines.
Source: Allina Health's Patient Education Department, Gestational Diabetes: When You Have Diabetes During Pregnancy, third edition, ISBN 1-931876-21-6
Reviewed by Allina Health's Patient Education Department experts