Living with diabetes can be a challenge. You are a key player on your health care team when it comes to managing your diabetes. Whether you have just been told that you have diabetes or you've had the disease for years, we can help you develop self-management skills.
This manual by the Allina Diabetes Education Council includes information that people with diabetes need to know about. Ask your diabetes educator or nurse about which topics apply the most to you now.
Food, physical activity, stress management, medicine and monitoring blood glucose are tools that can help manage your diabetes.
Your body needs food to make glucose that is used for energy. Eating the right foods during the day will help to keep your blood glucose in control.
Remember that food makes blood glucose go up, so controlling how much, what kind and when you eat can make a difference. Here are some tips:
Exercise is important for everyone. When you have diabetes, it helps to use up blood glucose. Physical activity also makes your insulin work better.
Stress increases blood glucose and can cause problems with your blood glucose control.
There are many medicines that help control blood glucose. Your health care provider will choose the best medicines for you if you need them. It is not unusual for your medicine needs to change.
Regular testing will tell you how your food, physical activity and medicines are working. You can use the diabetes management plan for following your blood glucose testing schedule as well as for recording your medicine, food and exercise recommendations.
Behavior change goals
Blood glucose scale for type 2 diabetes
Effects of diabetes on your life
Examples of one carbohydrate choice (15 grams)
Food and exercise diary
Food and exercise diary example
My diabetes management plan
My eating guide
My insulin plan
Physical activity log
Allina Health's Patient Education Department, Basic Skills for Living with Diabetes, sixth edition
Allina Health's Patient Education Department
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