Health Guide
Drug Guide

Oxycodone (Oral route)

Pronunciation:

ox-i-KOE-done

Brand Names:

Dosage Forms:

Warnings:

Oral route(Tablet, Extended Release)

Misuse and abuse may lead to overdose and death. Assess risk before subscribing and regularly monitor for signs of these behaviors and conditions. Serious and potentially fatal respiratory depression may occur. Monitor for respiratory depression, particularly when initiating or increasing dosage. Accidental ingestion of one dose or more can lead to fatal overdose, especially in children. Prolonged use during pregnancy can lead to potentially life-threatening neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome. Initiation of CYP3A4 inhibitors or discontinuation of CYP3A4 inducers may result in an increase in oxycodone plasma concentrations, which could increase or prolong adverse drug effects and may cause potentially fatal respiratory depression. .

Oral route(Tablet, Extended Release)

Addiction, abuse, and misuse, leading to overdose and death has been reported. Before prescribing, assess the patient's risk and watch for signs of the development of these behaviors. Serious and fatal respiratory depression may occur. Monitor for respiratory depression, especially when beginning treatment or increasing dose. Advise patients to swallow tablets whole to avoid overdose. Accidental ingestion can result in a fatal overdose, especially in children. Prolonged use in pregnancy may lead to life-threatening neonatal withdrawal syndrome. If oxycodone hydrochloride must be used during pregnancy, advise the patient of the risk and ensure that treatment will be available to the infant. Initiation of CYP3A4 inhibitors or discontinuation of CYP3A4 inducers can cause a fatal oxycodone hydrochloride overdose .

Oral route(Solution)

Use caution when prescribing and administering oxycodone oral solution as dosing errors due to mg and mL could result in accidental overdose and death. Ensure the proper dose is indicated and dispensed. Oxycodone oral solution should be kept out of the reach of children. Seek emergency help immediately if accidental ingestion occurs .

Classifications:

Therapeutic

Analgesic

Chemical

Opioid

Uses of This Medicine:

Oxycodone is used to relieve moderate to severe pain. It belongs to the group of medicines called narcotic analgesics (pain medicines). Oxycodone acts on the central nervous system (CNS) to relieve pain.

Oxycodone extended-release capsules or tablets should not be used if you need pain medicine for just a short time, such as when recovering from surgery. Do not use this medicine to relieve mild pain, or in situations when non-narcotic medication is effective. This medicine should not be used to treat pain that you only have once in a while or "as needed".

When oxycodone is used for a long time, it may become habit-forming, causing mental or physical dependence. However, people who have continuing pain should not let the fear of dependence keep them from using narcotics to relieve their pain. Mental dependence (addiction) is not likely to occur when narcotics are used for this purpose. Physical dependence may lead to withdrawal side effects if treatment is stopped suddenly. However, severe withdrawal side effects can usually be prevented by gradually reducing the dose over a period of time before treatment is stopped completely.

This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.

Before Using This Medicine:

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Children

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of Oxaydo™, Roxicodone®, and Xtampza™ ER in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated pediatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of Oxycontin® in children. However, safety and efficacy have not been established in children younger than 11 years of age.

Older adults

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of oxycodone in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have age-related lung, liver, or kidney problems, which may require caution and an adjustment in the dose for patients receiving oxycodone in order to avoid potentially serious side effects.

Breast-feeding

Studies in women breastfeeding have demonstrated harmful infant effects. An alternative to this medication should be prescribed or you should stop breastfeeding while using this medicine.

Other medicines

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

Other interactions

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following is usually not recommended, but may be unavoidable in some cases. If used together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use this medicine, or give you special instructions about the use of food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other medical problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

Proper Use of This Medicine:

Take this medicine only as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. This is especially important for elderly patients, who may be more sensitive to the effects of pain medicines. If too much of this medicine is taken for a long time, it may become habit-forming (causing mental or physical dependence).

This medicine comes with a Medication Guide and a patient information leaflet. Read and follow these instructions carefully. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.

Oxycodone extended-release capsules or tablets should only be used by patients who have already been taking narcotic pain medicines, also called opioids. These patients are called opioid-tolerant. If you are uncertain whether or not you are opioid-tolerant, check with your doctor before using this medicine.

Measure the oral liquid concentrate with the calibrated dropper that comes with the package. Your doctor may have you mix the concentrate with a small amount of liquid or food. Carefully follow the instructions and take the medicine mixture right away.

Measure the oral liquid with a marked measuring spoon, oral syringe, or medicine cup. The average household teaspoon may not hold the right amount of liquid.

Swallow the Oxaydo™ or OxyContin® tablet whole with water. Do not break, crush, cut, chew, or dissolve it. Do not pre-soak, lick, or wet the tablet before placing it in the mouth. Take one tablet at a time. Also, do not give this medicine through nasogastric or feeding tubes.

If you are using the extended release capsules:

Oxycodone extended-release capsules or tablets work differently from the regular oxycodone oral solution or tablets, even at the same dose. Do not switch from one brand or form to the other unless your doctor tells you to.

Dosing

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

Missed dose

If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

Storage

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Oxycodone can cause serious unwanted effects if taken by adults who are not used to strong narcotic pain medicines, children, or pets. Make sure you store the medicine in a safe and secure place to prevent others from getting it.

Precautions While Using This Medicine:

It is very important that your doctor check your progress while you are taking this medicine. This will allow your doctor to see if the medicine is working properly and to decide if you should continue to take it.

This medicine may cause a serious type of allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention. Call your doctor right away if you have a rash, itching, hoarseness, trouble breathing, trouble swallowing, or any swelling of your hands, face, or mouth while you are using this medicine.

Do not use more of this medicine or take it more often than your doctor tells you to. This can be life-threatening. Symptoms of an overdose include extreme dizziness or weakness, slow heartbeat or breathing, seizures, trouble breathing, and cold, clammy skin. Call your doctor right away if you notice these symptoms.

This medicine will add to the effects of alcohol and other CNS depressants (medicines that can make you drowsy or less alert). Some examples of CNS depressants are antihistamines or medicine for allergies or colds, sedatives, tranquilizers, or sleeping medicine, other prescription pain medicine or narcotics, medicine for seizures or barbiturates, muscle relaxants, or anesthetics, including some dental anesthetics. Check with your doctor before taking any of these medicines while you are using this medicine.

This medicine may be habit-forming. If you feel that the medicine is not working as well, do not use more than your prescribed dose. Call your doctor for instructions.

Dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting may occur when you get up suddenly from a lying or sitting position. Getting up slowly may help lessen this problem. Also, lying down for a while may relieve the dizziness or lightheadedness.

This medicine may make you dizzy, drowsy, or lightheaded. Make sure you know how you react to this medicine before you drive, use machines, or do anything else that could be dangerous if you are dizzy or not alert.

Using narcotics for a long time can cause severe constipation. To prevent this, your doctor may direct you to take laxatives, drink a lot of fluids, or increase the amount of fiber in your diet. Be sure to follow the directions carefully, because continuing constipation can lead to more serious problems.

If you have been using this medicine regularly for several weeks or longer, do not change your dose or suddenly stop using it without checking with your doctor. Your doctor may want you to gradually reduce the amount you are using before stopping it completely. This may help prevent worsening of your condition and reduce the possibility of withdrawal symptoms, such as abdominal or stomach cramps, anxiety, fever, nausea, runny nose, sweating, tremors, or trouble sleeping.

Using this medicine while you are pregnant may cause serious unwanted effects in your newborn baby. Tell your doctor right away if you think you are pregnant or if you plan to become pregnant while using this medicine.

Make sure any doctor or dentist who treats you knows that you are using this medicine. This medicine may affect the results of certain medical tests.

Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.

Side Effects of This Medicine:

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

Less common
Chills
cold sweats
confusion
difficult or labored breathing
dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position
fever
tightness in the chest
twitching
Rare
Abdominal or stomach pain
bloating or swelling of the face, arms, hands, lower legs, or feet
blood in the urine
burning while urinating burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings
chest pain
convulsions
cough
decrease in the frequency of urination
decrease in urine volume
decreased urine output
difficult or painful urination
difficulty in passing urine (dribbling)
difficulty with swallowing
dizziness
dry mouth
fainting
fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heartbeat or pulse
feeling of warmth or heat
flushing or redness of the skin, especially on the face and neck
frequent urination
headache
hives, itching, or skin rash
increase in heart rate
increased thirst
increased volume of pale, dilute urine
lightheadedness
muscle pain or cramps
nausea or vomiting
puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
rapid breathing
rapid weight gain
severe constipation
severe vomiting
shakiness in the legs, arms, hands, or feet
sunken eyes
sweating
swelling or puffiness of the face
swollen, painful, or tender lymph glands in the neck, armpit, or groin
thirst
tingling of the hands or feet
trembling or shaking of the hands or feet
unusual tiredness or weakness
unusual weight gain or loss
wrinkled skin
Incidence not known
Blurred vision
choking
clay-colored stools
cold, clammy skin
dark urine
diarrhea
fast, weak pulse
gagging
irregular, fast, slow, or shallow breathing
loss of appetite
pale or blue lips, fingernails, or skin
unconsciousness
unpleasant breath odor
very slow heartbeat
yellow eyes or skin

Get emergency help immediately if any of the following symptoms of overdose occur:

Symptoms of overdose
Change in consciousness
chest pain or discomfort
constricted, pinpoint, or small pupils (black part of the eye)
decreased awareness or responsiveness
extreme drowsiness
loss of consciousness
no muscle tone or movement
severe sleepiness
slow or irregular heartbeat

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common
Difficulty having a bowel movement (stool)
drowsiness
lack or loss of strength
relaxed and calm feeling
sleepiness or unusual drowsiness
Less common
Abnormal dreams
acid or sour stomach
anxiety
belching
burning feeling in the chest or stomach
false or unusual sense of well-being
heartburn
hiccups
indigestion
stomach discomfort, upset, or pain
tenderness in the stomach area
trouble sleeping
weight loss
Rare
Absent, missed, or irregular menstrual periods
bad, unusual or unpleasant (after) taste
bloated or full feeling
body aches or pain
change in taste
change in walking and balance
changes in vision
clumsiness or unsteadiness
congestion
continuous ringing or buzzing or other unexplained noise in the ears
crying
decreased interest in sexual intercourse
dental caries or tooth decay
depersonalization
depression
difficulty with speaking
dry skin
dryness or soreness of the throat
excess air or gas in the stomach or intestines
excessive muscle tone
feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
feeling of unreality
general feeling of discomfort or illness
headache, severe and throbbing
hearing loss
hoarseness
hyperventilation
inability to have or keep an erection
increase in body movements
increased appetite
increased cough
irritability
loss in sexual ability, desire, drive, or performance
loss of heat from the body
loss of memory
loss of strength or energy
muscle pain or weakness
muscle stiffness
muscle tension or tightness
neck pain
paranoia
passing of gas
problems with memory
quick to react or overreact emotionally
rapidly changing moods
red, swollen skin
restlessness
runny nose
scaly skin
sensation of spinning
sense of detachment from self or body
severe sleepiness
stomach pain, fullness, or discomfort
swelling or inflammation of the mouth
tender, swollen glands in the neck
unusual weak feeling
voice changes

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.


Last Updated: 9/15/2016

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