Health Guide
Drug Guide

Methylphenidate (Transdermal route)

Pronunciation:

meth-il-FEN-i-date

Brand Names:

Dosage Forms:

Warnings:

Transdermal route(Patch, Extended Release)

Give cautiously to patients with a history of drug dependence or alcoholism. Chronic abusive use can lead to marked tolerance and psychological dependence with varying degrees of abnormal behavior. Frank psychotic episodes can occur, especially with parenteral abuse. Careful supervision is required during drug withdrawal from abusive use since severe depression may occur. Withdrawal following chronic therapeutic use may unmask symptoms of the underlying disorder that may require follow-up .

Classifications:

Therapeutic

CNS Stimulant

Chemical

Amphetamine Related

Uses of This Medicine:

Methylphenidate transdermal is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It belongs to the group of medicines called central nervous system (CNS) stimulants.

Methylphenidate transdermal works by increasing attention and decreasing restlessness in children and adults who are overactive, cannot concentrate for very long, or are easily distracted and impulsive. This medicine is used as part of a treatment program that also includes social, educational, and psychological treatment.

This medicine is available only with a doctor's prescription.

Before Using This Medicine:

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Children

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated pediatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of methylphenidate transdermal in the pediatric population. However, use is not recommended in children younger than 6 years. Safety and efficacy have not been established in this age group.

Older adults

Appropriate studies on the relationship of age to the effects of methylphenidate transdermal have not been performed in geriatric patients.

Breast-feeding

Studies suggest that this medication may alter milk production or composition. If an alternative to this medication is not prescribed, you should monitor the infant for side effects and adequate milk intake.

Other medicines

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

Other interactions

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following is usually not recommended, but may be unavoidable in some cases. If used together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use this medicine, or give you special instructions about the use of food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other medical problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

Proper Use of This Medicine:

Use this medicine only as directed by your doctor. Do not use more of it, do not use it more often, and do not use it for a longer time than your doctor ordered.

This medicine should come with a Medication Guide. Read and follow these instructions carefully. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.

To use the skin patch:

Dosing

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

Missed dose

If you forget to wear or change a patch, put one on as soon as you can. If it is almost time to put on your next patch, wait until then to apply a new patch and skip the one you missed. Do not apply extra patches to make up for a missed dose.

Storage

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Store the patches at room temperature in a closed container, away from heat, moisture, and direct light.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Do not store unopened or unused patches in the refrigerator or freezer. Make sure you store the medicine in a safe and secure place to prevent others from getting it. Throw a used patch away so that children or pets cannot get to it. There is still enough medicine in a used patch to make a child or pet very sick.

To dispose of this medicine, fold the patch in half with the sticky side inside and place it in a container with a lid. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water. If the patch has not been used, take it out of the pouch and remove the liner that covers the sticky side of the patch before folding it in half. Do not flush the pouch or the protective liner down the toilet. Put them in a trash can with a cover.

Precautions While Using This Medicine:

Your doctor should check your progress at regular visits to make sure this medicine is working properly and to decide if you should continue to use it. Blood tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.

You will need to have your blood pressure measured before starting this medicine and while you are using it. If you notice any change to your recommended blood pressure, call your doctor right away.

You should not use this medicine if you used a medicine for depression called an MAO inhibitor (MAOI), such as Eldepryl®, Marplan®, Nardil®, or Parnate®, within the past 14 days.

Methylphenidate may cause serious heart or blood vessel problems. This may be more likely in patients who have a family history of heart disease. Check with your doctor right away if you have chest pain, trouble breathing, or fainting while using this medicine.

If you have any redness, itching, swelling, or blistering where the patch has been, call your doctor right away.

Tell your doctor right away if you notice any unusual changes in behavior, such as an increase in aggression, hostility, agitation, irritability, or suicidal thinking or behaviors. Check with your doctor if you have hallucinations or any unusual thoughts, especially if they are new or getting worse quickly.

This medicine may cause a condition called Raynaud phenomenon. Check with your doctor right away if you have tingling or pain in the fingers or toes when exposed to cold, paleness or a cold feeling in the fingertips and toes, or a skin color change of your fingers while using this medicine.

This medicine may cause slow growth. If your child is using this medicine, the doctor will need to keep track of your child's height and weight.

If you have a prolonged or painful erection of the penis for more than 4 hours, check with your doctor right away.

Using this medicine may cause loss of skin color where the patch is applied or on other areas of the skin. This usually occurs more often if you have a personal or family history of vitiligo. Call your doctor right away if you notice changes in skin color while using this medicine.

Methylphenidate may cause dizziness, drowsiness, or changes in vision. Do not drive a car, ride a bicycle, operate machinery, or do other things that might be dangerous until you know how this medicine affects you.

Avoid putting this medicine near external sources of direct heat, such as hair dyers, heating pads, electric blankets, heated water beds, or hot tubs.

Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements, and medicine for appetite control, asthma, colds, cough, hayfever, or sinus problems.

Side Effects of This Medicine:

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common
Aggressive and violent behavior
arm, back, or jaw pain
black, tarry stools
blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin
blood in the urine
bloody nose
chest pain or discomfort
chest tightness or heaviness
chills
cold
confusion
cough or hoarseness
cracks in the skin
crying
depersonalization
diarrhea
dizziness
dysphoria
euphoria
fainting
fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat or pulse
fever
flu-like symptoms
heavier menstrual periods
joint or muscle pain
loss of heat from the body
nausea
nervousness
paranoia
pinpoint red spots on the skin
quick to react or overreact emotionally
rapidly changing moods
red, irritated eyes
red, swollen skin
scaly skin
seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there
severe or sudden headache
skin rash or itching
sore throat
sores, ulcers, or white spots in the mouth or on the lips
sudden loss of coordination
sudden slurring of speech
sweating
twitching, twisting, or uncontrolled repetitive movements of the tongue, lips, face, arms, or legs
unusual bleeding or bruising
unusual tiredness or weakness
Rare
Convulsions
difficulty with breathing
high fever
increased sweating
loss of bladder control
severe muscle stiffness
tiredness
uncontrolled vocal outbursts or tics (uncontrolled repeated body movements)
unusually pale skin
Incidence not known
Blistering, burning, crusting, dryness, or flaking of the skin
chest pain
difficulty with swallowing
hives, itching, scaling, severe redness, soreness, or swelling of the skin
large, hive-like swelling on the face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs
painful or difficult urination
pale skin
paleness or cold feeling in the fingertips and toes
puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
swollen glands
tingling or pain in the fingers or toes when exposed to cold
troubled breathing with exertion

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common
Abdominal or stomach pain
decreased weight
difficulty with moving
drowsiness
headache
loss of appetite
muscle pain or stiffness
redness of the skin
trouble sleeping
vomiting
welts
Less common
Decreased appetite
stuffy or runny nose
weight loss
Incidence not known
Bigger, dilated, or enlarged pupils (black part of the eye)
bleeding, bruising, burning, itching, redness, skin rash, swelling, or soreness at the application site
blurred or loss of vision
disturbed color perception
double vision
hair loss
halos around lights
increased sensitivity of the eyes to light
night blindness
overbright appearance of lights
thinning of the hair
tunnel vision

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.


Last Updated: 9/15/2016

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