Health Guide
Drug Guide

Drospirenone and estradiol (Oral route)

Pronunciation:

droe-SPYE-re-none, es-tra-DYE-ol

Brand Names:

Dosage Forms:

Warnings:

Oral route(Tablet)

Unopposed estrogens increase the risk of endometrial cancer in women without a uterus. Estrogen alone or with a progestin should not be used for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or dementia. Increased risks of stroke and DVT have been reported with estrogen-alone therapy, along with increased risk for endometrial cancer in a woman with a uterus who uses unopposed estrogens. Increased risks of stroke, DVT, pulmonary embolism, myocardial infarction, and invasive breast cancer have been reported with estrogen plus progestin therapy. An increased risk of probable dementia in postmenopausal women aged 65 and older has been reported with estrogen plus progestin therapy. Risks should be assumed to be similar for other doses, combinations, and dosage forms of estrogens and progestins. Estrogens with or without progestins should be prescribed at the lowest effective doses and for the shortest duration possible .

Classifications:

Therapeutic

Estrogen/Progestin Combination

Pharmacologic

Progestin

Uses of This Medicine:

Drospirenone and estradiol combination is used to treat moderate to severe hot flashes and other symptoms of menopause or low amounts of estrogen in women who still have a uterus (womb). It is also used to treat changes in and around the vagina (such as vaginal dryness, itching, and burning) caused by menopause in women who still have a uterus.

Drospirenone and estradiol are female hormones called progestins and estrogens that make up this combination medicine. This medicine works by preventing symptoms, such as feeling of warmth in the face, neck, and chest, or sudden strong feelings of heat and sweating (hot flashes) in women during menopause. .

This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.

Before Using This Medicine:

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Children

Use of Angeliq® is not indicated in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Older adults

Although appropriate studies on the relationship of age to the effects of Angeliq® have not been performed in the geriatric population. However, elderly patients may have an increased risk of developing breast cancer, stroke, or dementia.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy CategoryExplanation
All TrimestersXStudies in animals or pregnant women have demonstrated positive evidence of fetal abnormalities. This drug should not be used in women who are or may become pregnant because the risk clearly outweighs any possible benefit.

Breast-feeding

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Other medicines

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

Other interactions

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following may cause an increased risk of certain side effects but may be unavoidable in some cases. If used together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use this medicine, or give you special instructions about the use of food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other medical problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

Proper Use of This Medicine:

Take this medicine exactly as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. To do so may cause unwanted side effects.

This medicine comes with a patient information leaflet. Read and follow the instructions in the leaflet carefully. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.

This medicine is available in three blister packs containing 28 tablets that need to be taken continuously.

Swallow the tablet whole with liquids. Do not break, crush, or chew it. You may take this medicine with or without food.

Take this medicine at the same time each day. If you missed a dose for more than 24 hours, do not take the missed dose. If you forgot to take the tablets for several days, bleeding may occur.

Dosing

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

Missed dose

If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

Storage

Keep out of the reach of children.

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Precautions While Using This Medicine:

It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits every 3 to 6 months to discuss whether you need to continue taking this medicine. Pelvic exam, breast exam, and mammogram (breast x-ray) may be needed to check for unwanted effects, unless your doctor tells you otherwise. Be sure to keep all appointments.

It is unlikely that a postmenopausal woman may become pregnant. But, you should know that using this medicine while you are pregnant could harm your unborn baby. If you think you have become pregnant while using the medicine, tell your doctor right away.

Using this medicine may increase your risk for having blood clots, strokes, or heart attacks. This risk may continue even after you stop using the medicine. Your risk for these serious problems is even greater if you have high blood pressure, high cholesterol in your blood, diabetes or are overweight or smoke cigarettes. Contact your doctor immediately if you experience confusion, difficulty speaking, double vision, headaches, an inability to move arms, legs or facial muscle, or an inability to speak.

Using this medicine may increase your risk of breast cancer or other types of cancer. Talk with your doctor about this risk. Check with your doctor immediately if your experience abnormal vaginal bleeding.

Using this medicine may increase your risk of dementia, especially in women 65 years of age and older.

Make sure any doctor or dentist who treats you knows that you are using this medicine. You may need to stop using this medicine before you have surgery or if you need to stay in bed for an extended time. This medicine may affect the results of certain medical tests.

Check with your doctor immediately if, severe headache or sudden loss of vision or any other change in vision occurs while you are using this medicine. Your doctor may want you to have your eyes checked by an ophthalmologist (eye doctor).

While you are taking this medicine be careful to limit the amount of alcohol that you drink.

Do not eat grapefruit or drink grapefruit juice while you are using this medicine. Grapefruit and grapefruit juice may change the amount of this medicine that is absorbed in the body.

Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal (e.g., St. John's wort) or vitamin supplements.

Side Effects of This Medicine:

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common
Breast pain
full or bloated feeling
heavy non-menstrual vaginal bleeding
pressure in the stomach
surgery
swelling of the abdominal or stomach area
Less common
Bloating or swelling of the face, arms, hands, legs, or feet
change in vaginal discharge
increased clear or white vaginal discharge
pain or feeling of pressure in the pelvis
rapid weight gain
tingling of the hands or feet
unusual weight gain or loss
vaginal bleeding
Incidence not known
Abdominal or stomach pain
anxiety
blurred vision
change in vision
chest pain or discomfort
clear or bloody discharge from nipple
confusion
constipation
cough
coughing up blood
depression
difficulty with speaking
dimpling of the breast skin
dizziness or lightheadedness
double vision
dry mouth
fainting
fast heartbeat
headache
headache, severe and throbbing
inability to move the arms, legs, or facial muscles
inability to speak
incoherent speech
increased urination
inverted nipple
loss of appetite
lump in the breast or under the arm
metallic taste
muscle weakness
nausea and vomiting
numbness or weakness in your arm or leg, or on one side of your body
pain or discomfort in the arms, jaw, back, or neck
pain or redness in your lower leg (calf)
persistent crusting or scaling of the nipple
poor insight and judgment
problems with memory, vision, speech, or walking
redness or swelling of the breast
seeing double
shortness of breath
slow speech
sore on the skin of the breast that does not heal
sudden or severe headache
sudden shortness of breath or troubled breathing
sweating
thirst
trouble recognizing objects
trouble thinking and planning
trouble walking
unusual tiredness or weakness
weight loss

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common
Accidental injury
back pain
body aches or pain
chills
diarrhea
difficulty breathing
ear congestion
fever, sneezing, or sore throat
general feeling of discomfort or illness
joint pain
loss of voice
muscle aches and pains
pain in the arms or legs
pain or tenderness around the eyes and cheekbones
runny nose
shivering
stuffy or runny nose
sweating
tightness of the chest or wheezing
trouble sleeping

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.


Last Updated: 10/12/2016

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