Health Guide
Drug Guide

Knee bursitis

What is it?

Bursitis (ber-SEYE-tis) is swelling and pain of a bursa. A bursa is a fluid-filled sac that acts as a cushion or shock absorber between a tendon and a bone. A tendon is a cord of tough tissue that connects muscles to bones. Normally a bursa has a small amount of fluid in it. When injured, the bursa becomes inflamed (red and sore) and may fill with too much fluid. When you have an inflamed bursa in your patellar (pah-TEL-er) or kneecap area, you have knee bursitis. You may have inflammation (in-flah-MAY-shun) in front of or behind the kneecap. You may also have it on the inner sides of your knees (where they may knock together).

Causes

Signs and Symptoms:

Your bursitis may be a problem that you have only once. More commonly, it is a long-term problem that comes and goes over time. Your bursitis may happen suddenly if it is caused by things like infection or a hard hit to the knee. You may have one or more of the following:

Wellness Recommendations:

Medical Care:

Following are things you can do to help prevent bursitis from returning:

Herbs and Supplements:

Before taking any herbs or supplements, ask your caregiver if it is OK. Talk to your caregiver about how much you should take. If you are using this medicine without instructions from your caregiver, follow the directions on the label. Do not take more medicine or take it more often than the directions tell you to. The herbs and supplements listed may or may not help treat your condition.

Herbs:

Supplements:

Complementary Therapies:

Other ways of treating your symptoms :

Talk to your caregiver if:

Care Agreement:

You have the right to help plan your care. To help with this plan, you must learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. You can then discuss treatment options with your caregivers. Work with them to decide what care may be used to treat you. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

References:

1. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Goosefoot (pes anserine) bursitis of the knee. September 2000. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/fact/thr_report.cfm?thread_id=205&topcategory=knee (3/4/04).

2. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Kneecap (prepatellar) bursitis. October 2000. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/fact/thr_report.cfm?thread_id=210&topcategory=knee (cited 3/4/04).

3. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. What are NSAIDs? December 2002. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org (cited 3/1/04).

4. Arthritis Foundation. Bursitis, tendinitis and other soft tissue rheumatic syndromes (online brochure). September 26, 2003. Available at: http://www.arthritis.org/AFStore/singleproduct.asp?idproduct=3320&idcat=8 (cited 3/4/04).

5. Ceccherelli F, Gagliardi G, Matterazzo G et al. The role of manual acupuncture and morphine administration on the modulation of capsaicin-induced edema in rat paw: a blind controlled study. Acupunct Electrother Res 1996; 21(1):7-14.

6. Clymann BB. Selected periarticular soft tissue problems in the elderly. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association 2003; 4(3):167-170.

7. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Bursitis. December 18, 2003. Available at: http://images.mayoclinic.com/invoke.cfm?id=DS00032 (cited 3/2/04).

8. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Injections. November 19, 2002. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.com/invoke.cfm?id=PN00046 (cited 3/1/04).

9. Pinter E & Szolcsanyi J. Systemic anti-inflammatory effect induced by antidromic stimulation of the dorsal roots in the rat. Neurosci Lett 1996; 212(1):33-36.

10. Richards CF, Koutouzis TK. Tendonitis and bursitis. In: Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM, Adams J, Barkin RM, Barsan WG et al (eds). Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice, 5th ed. St. Louis, MO; 2002:1599-1607.

11. Schoen AM. Acupuncture for musculoskeletal disorders. Probl Vet Med 1992; 4(1):88-97.

12. Schoen RT. Bursitis, tendonitis, myofascial pain, and fibromyalgia. In: Rakel RE, Bope ET (eds). Conn's Current Therapy 2004. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA; 2004:1040-1042.

13. Taunton JE, Wilkinson M. Rheumatology: 14. Diagnosis and management of anterior knee pain. CMAJ. May 29, 2001; 164(11):1595-1601.

14. University of Miami School of Medicine. Bursitis of the knee. 2002. Available at: http://www.med.miami.edu/patients/glossary/art.asp?print=yes&articlekey=305 (cited 3/4/04).

15. Zhang WY & Li Wan Po A: The effectiveness of topically applied capsaicin: a meta-analysis. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 1994; 46(6):517-522.


Last Updated: 9/15/2016

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