Sunburn is when your skin is injured by ultraviolet (UV) light and causes a burn. The sun and tanning beds are sources of UV light. If your skin is light or fair in color you can get sunburn easier. Even people with darker colored skin can get sunburned. Depending on how bad your sunburn is, it usually takes from 3 days to 3 weeks to get better. Being in the sun too much can cause early aging of the skin (wrinkles and brown spots). Getting sunburned over and over again can increase your risk of getting skin cancer.
Sunburn is caused by being in the sun or under a sun lamp too long. Midday sun is the most damaging. You can even get sunburned on cloudy days. You can also get sunburned from sunlight that shines off snow, water, sand, or bright clothing. Some medicines can cause you to sunburn faster or to get sick from too much sun.
Sunburn may make your skin reddened and hot to the touch. Badly sunburned skin may swell or blister. You may also have chills, fever, headache, and feel dizzy. If you have a bad sunburn, you may get an upset stomach, vomit (throw up) and be dehydrated (very thirsty). If your eyes were not protected with sunglasses that block UV light, they may be itchy and hurt.
To keep from getting sunburned, use sunscreen with a sun-protection factor (SPF) of 15 or more. Put it on your skin 30 minutes before you go outside. Put more on every two hours when you are out in the sun. If you are swimming, put more on each time you get out of the water. If you burn easily, wear loose thin shirts with long sleeves, pants, a hat, and shoes. Try to stay out of the sun between noon and 3 pm.
Get out of the sun or go inside right away. Gently put cool wet towels on the burn or take a cool water bath. Gently put cold cream or baby lotion on the skin. When you are sunburned, you can lose a lot of water from your body. To help this loss of water, drink 6 to 8 (soda-pop can size) glasses of fluid, like water or fruit juice each day. You may need medicine to lessen the pain, swelling, or fever caused by the burn. You can buy acetaminophen or ibuprofen over-the-counter at drug or grocery stores.
Before taking any herbs or supplements, ask your caregiver if it is OK. Talk to your caregiver about how much you should take. If you are using this medicine without instructions from your caregiver, follow the directions on the label. Do not take more medicine or take it more often than the directions tell you to. The herbs and supplements listed may or may not help treat your condition.
Do's and Don'ts
Do the following to keep from getting sunburned:
Other ways of treating your symptoms : Other ways to treat your symptoms are available to you.
Talk to your caregiver if:
You have the right to help plan your care. To help with this plan, you must learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. You can then discuss treatment options with your caregivers. Work with them to decide what care may be used to treat you. You always have the right to refuse treatment.
1. Eberlein-Konig B, Placzek M & Przybilla B: Protective effect against sunburn of combined systemic ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and d-alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E). J Am Acad Dermatol 1998; 38(1):45-48.
2 . Hughes-Formella BJ, Bohnsack K, Rippke F et al: Anti-inflammatory effect of Hamamelis lotion in a UVB erythema test. Dermatology 1998; 196:316-322.
3. Mathews-Roth MM, Pathak UA & Fitzpatrick TB et al: B-carotene as an oral photoprotective agent in erythropoietic protoporphyria. JAMA 1974; 228:1004-1008.