Health Guide
Drug Guide

Multiple sclerosis

What is it?

Multiple (mull-tih-pull) sclerosis (skler-o-sis) is also called "MS." It is a long term disease of the central nervous system (CNS) which includes the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves.


MS has no known cause. It is an autoimmune (ah-toe-ih-mewn) disease. The immune (ih-mewn) system is the part of your body that fights infection. In MS, your body attacks itself. One or more of the following things may be possible causes of MS.

Signs and Symptoms:

MS affects people in different ways. Symptoms of the disease may begin slowly or quickly. You may have mild symptoms or very bad symptoms. The symptoms of MS can be divided into 2 groups. There are symptoms that affect your body and some that affect your emotions (feelings).

Wellness Recommendations:

Exercise, a healthy balanced diet, rest, and contact with others are important. Sunlight may help MS. But be sure to wear sunscreen and to stay cool. Overheating may cause your symptoms to flare.

Medical Care:

There is no known cure for MS. The disease cannot be stopped or turned around. Treatment involves controlling symptoms and reducing relapses. Medicine may be used to treat some MS symptoms.

Dietary Measures:

Herbs and Supplements:

Before taking any herbs or supplements, ask your caregiver if it is OK. Talk to your caregiver about how much you should take. If you are using this medicine without instructions from your caregiver, follow the directions on the label. Do not take more medicine or take it more often than the directions tell you to. The herbs and supplements listed may or may not help treat your condition.


Complementary Therapies:

Other ways of treating your symptoms:

Other ways to treat your symptoms are available to you.

Talk to your caregiver if:


Care Agreement:

You have the right to help plan your care. To help with this plan, you must learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. You can then discuss treatment options with your caregivers. Work with them to decide what care may be used to treat you. You always have the right to refuse treatment.


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Last Updated: 9/15/2016

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