Health Guide
Drug Guide

Multiple sclerosis

What is it?

Multiple (mull-tih-pull) sclerosis (skler-o-sis) is also called "MS." It is a long term disease of the central nervous system (CNS) which includes the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves.

Causes:

MS has no known cause. It is an autoimmune (ah-toe-ih-mewn) disease. The immune (ih-mewn) system is the part of your body that fights infection. In MS, your body attacks itself. One or more of the following things may be possible causes of MS.

Signs and Symptoms:

MS affects people in different ways. Symptoms of the disease may begin slowly or quickly. You may have mild symptoms or very bad symptoms. The symptoms of MS can be divided into 2 groups. There are symptoms that affect your body and some that affect your emotions (feelings).

Wellness Recommendations:

Exercise, a healthy balanced diet, rest, and contact with others are important. Sunlight may help MS. But be sure to wear sunscreen and to stay cool. Overheating may cause your symptoms to flare.

Medical Care:

There is no known cure for MS. The disease cannot be stopped or turned around. Treatment involves controlling symptoms and reducing relapses. Medicine may be used to treat some MS symptoms.

Dietary Measures:

Herbs and Supplements:

Before taking any herbs or supplements, ask your caregiver if it is OK. Talk to your caregiver about how much you should take. If you are using this medicine without instructions from your caregiver, follow the directions on the label. Do not take more medicine or take it more often than the directions tell you to. The herbs and supplements listed may or may not help treat your condition.

Supplements:

Complementary Therapies:

Other ways of treating your symptoms:

Other ways to treat your symptoms are available to you.

Talk to your caregiver if:

SEEK CARE IMMEDIATELY IF:

Care Agreement:

You have the right to help plan your care. To help with this plan, you must learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. You can then discuss treatment options with your caregivers. Work with them to decide what care may be used to treat you. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

References:

1. Dane JR: Hypnosis for pain and neuromuscular rehabilitation with multiple sclerosis: case summary, literature review, and analysis of outcomes. Int J Clin Exp Hypn 1996; 44(3):208-231.

2. Fawcett J, Sidney JS, Hanson MJ et al: Use of alternative health therapies by people with multiple sclerosis: an exploratory study. Holist Nurs Pract 1994; 8(2):36-42.

3. Freal JE, Kraft GH & Coryell JK: Symptomatic fatigue in multiple sclerosis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1984; 65(3):135-138.

4. Ghadirian P, Jain M, Ducic S et al: Nutritional factors in the aetiology of multiple sclerosis: a case-control study in Montreal, Canada. Int J Epidemiol 1998; 27(5):845-852.

5. Hayes CE, Cantorna MT & DeLuca HF: Vitamin D and multiple sclerosis. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 1997; 216(1):21-27.

6. Kira J, Tobimatsu S & Goto I: Vitamin B12 metabolism and massive-dose methyl vitamin B12 therapy in Japanese patients with multiple sclerosis. Intern Med 1994; 33(2):82-86.

7. LaRiccia PJ, Katz RH, Peters JW et al: Biofeedback and hypnosis in weaning from mechanical ventilators. Chest 1985; 87(2):267-269.

8. Nordvik I, Myhr KM, Nyland H et al: Effect of dietary advice and n-3 supplementation in newly diagnosed MS patients. Acta Neurol Scand 2000; 102:143-149.

9. Steinberger A: Specific irritability of acupuncture points as an early symptom of multiple sclerosis. Am J Chin Med 1986; 14(3-4):175-178.

10. Swank RL: Multiple sclerosis: fat-oil relationship. Nutrition 1991; 7(5):368-376.


Last Updated: 9/15/2016

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