Health Guide
Drug Guide

Epistaxis

What is it?

Epistaxis (eh-pih-staks-sis) is a nosebleed. It is common in both children and adults. It often happens during dry weather or in areas where the air is dry.

Causes:

Nosebleeds may be caused by an injury to the nose or when the inside of the nose is dry. An infection can also cause a nosebleed. Other causes may be high blood pressure, kidney or liver disease, or bleeding problems. An object stuck in the nose may also cause bleeding.

Signs and Symptoms:

You may have dark or bright red bleeding from the nose. You may feel dizzy if you lose a lot of blood. If you swallow blood, your BMs may look black.

Wellness Recommendations:

Use a humidifier at home if you live in a dry climate. Spray the inside of your nose with salt water 3 to 4 times a day. This will decrease the drying out of the mucus membranes inside your nose and help prevent nosebleeds.

Medical Care:

Herbs and Supplements:

Before taking any herbs or supplements, ask your caregiver if it is OK. Talk to your caregiver about how much you should take. If you are using this medicine without instructions from your caregiver, follow the directions on the label. Do not take more medicine or take it more often than the directions tell you to. The herbs and supplements listed may or may not help treat your condition.

Herbs:

Supplements:

SEEK CARE IMMEDIATELY IF:

Care agreement: You have the right to help plan your care. To help with this plan, you must learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. You can then discuss treatment options with your caregivers. Work with them to decide what care may be used to treat you. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

References:

1. Berkow R & Beers MH (eds): The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy, 17th ed. Merck Research Labs, Rathway, NJ; 1999.

2. Griffith HW: Instructions for Patients, 5th ed. WB Saunders, Philadelphia, PA; 1994.

3. Smeltzer SC & Bare BG: Brunner and Suddarth's Textbook of Medical-Surgical Nursing, 8th ed. Lippincott-Raven Publishers, Philadelphia, PA; 1996.

4. Taylor C, Lillis C & LeMone P (eds): Fundamentals of Nursing, The Art and Science of Nursing Care. Lippincott-Raven Publishers, Philadelphia, PA; 1997.


Last Updated: 9/15/2016

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