Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a long-term lung disease. It is also called COPD. One type of COPD is emphysema (m-fuh-z-muh). Emphysema occurs when there is damage to the air sacs in the lungs. These air sacs pick up oxygen from the air. When air sacs are damaged, they cannot pick up enough oxygen. This may cause trouble breathing because less oxygen is getting to the lungs.
Cigarette smoking is the most common cause of COPD. Some diseases that you are born with may cause emphysema. It may also be caused by working in mining.
The most common sign is trouble breathing that gets worse from year to year. With time, you may have trouble breathing while resting. You may also cough up small amounts of sputum. People with emphysema may be thin, breathe through pursed lips, or have a barrel-shaped chest.
If you smoke, quit. Try to stay away from things that cause you trouble breathing. This may keep your emphysema from getting worse. It may help if you get shots to keep you from getting pneumonia and the flu.
There is no cure for emphysema. But it can be treated with medicines and breathing treatments. You may need to be put in the hospital for tests and treatment.
Before taking any herbs or supplements, ask your caregiver if it is OK. Talk to your caregiver about how much you should take. If you are using this medicine without instructions from your caregiver, follow the directions on the label. Do not take more medicine or take it more often than the directions tell you to. The herbs and supplements listed may or may not help treat your condition.
Other ways of treating your symptoms : Other ways to treat your symptoms are available to you.
Talk to your caregiver if:
You have the right to help plan your care. To help with this plan, you must learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. You can then discuss treatment options with your caregivers. Work with them to decide what care may be used to treat you. You always have the right to refuse treatment.
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