Health Guide
Drug Guide

Cirrhosis

What is it?

Causes:

Several things can cause cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is most often caused by long-term alcohol abuse. How much alcohol is too much is different for every person. Cirrhosis can also be caused by another liver disease called hepatitis (hep-uh-ti-tis). Or, you can get cirrhosis if you are exposed to toxic chemicals. Some people are born with diseases that can lead to cirrhosis.

Signs and Symptoms:

At first, you may not know you have cirrhosis and may not have any signs or symptoms. Cirrhosis is sometimes only found by blood tests or a health exam. Signs and symptoms of cirrhosis are divided into early cirrhosis and late cirrhosis.

Early cirrhosis:

Later cirrhosis:

Wellness Recommendations:

Do not drink alcohol. Alcohol can damage your brain, heart, and liver. Almost every part of your body can be harmed by alcohol. Drinking alcohol can also make your cirrhosis worse.

Medical Care:

You may have some or all of the following tests. The tests will help caregivers find out what stage your cirrhosis is in.

Talk with your caregivers to decide which of the following treatments are best for you:

Dietary Measures:

Herbs and Supplements:

Before taking any herbs or supplements, ask your caregiver if it is OK. Talk to your caregiver about how much you should take. If you are using this medicine without instructions from your caregiver, follow the directions on the label. Do not take more medicine or take it more often than the directions tell you to. The herbs and supplements listed may or may not help treat your condition.

Herbs:

Supplements:

Complementary Therapies:

Other ways of treating your symptoms : Other ways to treat your symptoms are available to you.

Talk to your caregiver if:

SEEK CARE IMMEDIATELY IF:

Care Agreement:

You have the right to help plan your care. To help with this plan, you must learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. You can then discuss treatment options with your caregivers. Work with them to decide what care may be used to treat you. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

References:

1. Dakovic-Svajcer K, Samojlik I, Raskovic A et al: The activity of liver oxidative enzymes after single and multiple grapefruit juice ingestion. Exp Toxicol Pathol 1999; 51(4-5):304-308.

2. Freund H, Yoshimura N & Fischer JE: Chronic hepatic encephalopathy. Long-term therapy with a branched-chain amino-acid-enriched elemental diet. JAMA 1979; 242(4):347-349.

3. Rafique S, Guardascione M, Osman E et al: Reversal of extrahepatic membrane cholesterol deposition in patients with chronic liver diseases by S-adenosyl-L-methionine. Clin Sci (Colch) 1992; 83(3):353-356.

4. Tangkijvanich P, Mahachai V, Wittayalertpanya S et al: Short-term effects of branched-chain amino acids on liver function tests in cirrhotic patients. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 2000; 31(1):152-157.


Last Updated: 9/15/2016

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