Health Guide
Drug Guide


What is it?

Hypertension (hye-per-TEN-shun) is also known as high blood pressure. It occurs when the blood pressing on the inside of your arteries (blood vessels) is higher than normal. Hypertension may damage your arteries. This may make you more likely to have a stroke, heart attack, kidney problems, or heart disease. High blood pressure can cause serious health problems even if you do not feel sick. Hypertension is often called "the silent killer" because you may not have symptoms.

What may increase my risk of having hypertension? High blood pressure can be treated with medicine and lifestyle changes. Many things may increase your risk of having high blood pressure. Some examples include:

What is blood pressure?

What are the types of hypertension?

Signs and Symptoms:

You may not have any symptoms unless you have another illness, such as kidney disease. You may have one or more of the following signs and symptoms of hypertension:

Wellness Recommendations:

Medical Care:

Blood, urine, and other tests may be done to learn about your hypertension. You may need to take medicine to decrease your blood pressure.


Hypertension is a serious health problem. The use of herbs and supplements should not take the place of good medical care.

Dietary Measures:

Herbs and Supplements:

Before taking any herbs or supplements, ask your caregiver if it is OK. Talk to your caregiver about how much you should take. If you are using this medicine without instructions from your caregiver, follow the directions on the label. Do not take more medicine or take it more often than the directions tell you to. The herbs and supplements listed may or may not help treat your condition



Complementary Therapies:

Other ways of treating your symptoms:

Other ways to treat your symptoms are available to you.

Talk to your caregiver if:


Care Agreement:

You have the right to help plan your care. To help with this plan, you must learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. You can then discuss the treatment options with your caregivers. Work with them to decide what care will be used to treat you. You always have the right to refuse treatment.


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2. Aybak M, Sermet A, Ayyildiz MO et al: Effect of oral pyridoxine hydrochloride supplementation on arterial blood pressure in patients with essential hypertension. Arzneimittelforschung 1995; 45(12):1271-1273.

3. Brownstein AH & Dembert ML: Treatment of essential hypertension with yoga relaxation therapy in a USAF aviator: a case report. Aviat Space Environ Med 1989; 60(7):684-687.

4. Bucher HC, Cook RJ, Guyatt GH et al: Effects of dietary calcium supplementation on blood pressure-meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. JAMA 1996; 275(13):1016-1022.

5. Chan P, Tomlinson B, Chen YJ et al: A double-blind placebo-controlled study of the effectiveness and tolerability of oral stevioside in human hypertension. Br J Clin Pharmacol 2000; 50(3):215-220.

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7. Gu D, He J, Wu X et al: Effect of potassium supplementation on blood pressure in Chinese: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. J Hypertens 2001; 19(7):1325-1331.

8. Jee SH, Miller ER III, Guallar E et al: The effect of magnesium supplementation on blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. Am J Hypertens 2002; 15(8):691-696.

9. Mullan BA, Young IS, Fee H et al: Ascorbic acid reduces blood pressure and arterial stiffness in type 2 diabetes. Hypertension 2002; 40:804-809.

10. Nakao M, Nomura S, Shimosawa T et al: Clinical effects of blood pressure biofeedback treatment on hypertension by auto-shaping. Psychosom Med 1997; 59(3):331-338.

11. Prisco D, Paniccia R, Bandinelli B et al: Effect of medium-term supplementation with a moderate dose of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on blood pressure in mild hypertensive patients. Thromb Res 1998; 91:105-112.

12. Rosano GMC, Panina G, Cerquetani E et al: L-arginine improves endothelial function in newly diagnosed hypertensives. J Am Coll Cardiol 1998; 31(2 suppl. A):262A.

13. Silagy C & Neil A: A meta-analysis of the effect of garlic on blood pressure. J Hypertens 1994a; 12(4):463-468.

Last Updated: 9/15/2016

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