Health Guide
Drug Guide

Creatine

What is it?

Creatine is a dietary supplement used to increase muscle mass and performance. It has also been used to lower cholesterol (blood fat) and treat heart failure and other diseases due to creatine deficiencies.

Other names for creatine include: creatine citrate, creatine monohydrate, and creatine phosphate.

Ask your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist if you need more information about this medicine or if any information in this leaflet concerns you.

Before Using:

Tell your doctor if you

Dosage:

Talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or nurse about how much creatine you should take. The amount depends on the strength of the medicine and the reason you are taking creatine. If you are using this medicine without instructions from your caregiver, follow the directions on the label. Do not take more creatine or take it more often than what is written on the directions.

To store this medicine:

Keep all medicine locked up and away from children. Store medicine away from heat and direct light. Do not store your medicine in the bathroom, near the kitchen sink, or in other damp places. Heat or moisture may cause the medicine to break down and not work the way it should work. Throw away medicine that is out of date or that you do not need. Never share your medicine with others.

Drug and Food Interactions:

Do not take creatine without talking to your doctor first if you are taking:

Warnings:

Side Effects:

Stop taking your medicine right away and talk to your doctor if you have any of the following side effects.

Other Side Effects:

You may have the following side effects, but this medicine may also cause other side effects. Tell your doctor if you have side effects that you think are caused by this medicine.

References:

1. Willams MH & Branch JD: Creatine supplementation and exercise performance: an update. J Am Coll Nutr 1998; 17:216-234.

2. Clark JF: Creatine: a review of its nutritional applications in sport. Nutrition 1998; 14:322-324.

3. McNaughton LR, Dalton B & Tarr J: The effects of Creatine supplementation on high-intensity exercise performance in elite performers. Eur J Appl Physiol 1998; 78: 236-240.

4. Pritchard NR & Kalra PA: Renal dysfunction accompanying oral Creatine supplements. Lancet 1998; 351:1252-1253.

5. Greenhaff P: Renal dysfunction accompanying oral Creatine supplements. Lancet 1998; 352:233-234.

6. Barrette EP: Creatine supplementation for enhancement of athletic performance. Altern Med Alert 1998; 1(7):73-76.

7. Clark JF: Creatine: a review of its nutritional applications in sport. Nutrition 1998; 14:322-324.

8. Andrews R, Greenhaff P, Curtis S et al: The effect of dietary creatine supplementation on skeletal muscle metabolism in congestive heart failure. Eur Heart J 1998; 19:617-622.

9. Vorgerd M, Grehl T, Jager M et al: Creatine therapy in myophosphorylase deficiency (McArdle disease). Arch Neurol 2000; 57(7):956-963.

10. Vahedi K, Domigo V, Amerenco P et al: Ischaemic stroke in a sportsman who consumed ma huang extract and creatine monohydrate for body building. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2000; 68(1):112-113.


Last Updated: 9/15/2016

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