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Acute Low Back Pain

Barr KP, Griggs M, & Cadby T: Lumbar stabilization: a review of core concepts and current literature, part 2. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2007; 86(1):72-80.

Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI): Health care guideline: Adult low back pain. Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI). Bloomington, MN. 2010. Available from URL: http://www.icsi.org/low_back_pain/adult_low_back_pain__8.html. As accessed 2010-12-20.

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE): Low back pain: early management of persistent non-specific low back pain. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE). London, United Kingdom. 2009. Available from URL: http://www.nice.org.uk/nicemedia/live/11887/44343/44343.pdf. As accessed 2010-12-20.

Toward Optimized Practice: Guideline for the evidence-informed primary care management of low back pain. Toward Optimized Practice. Edmonton, AB. 2009. Available from URL: http://www.topalbertadoctors.org/informed_practice/clinical_practice_guidelines/complete%20set/Low%20Back%20Pain/backpain_guideline.pdf. As accessed 2010-12-20.

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American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons : GUIDELINE: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) clinical guideline on low back pain/sciatica (acute) (phases I and II).. Phase 1 and II. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons . Rosemont, Illinois, United States. 2002. Available from URL: http://www.aaos.org/wordhtml/pdfs_r/guidelin/chart_06.pdf; http://www.aaos.org/wordhtml/pdfs_r/guidelin/chart_07.pdf; http://www.aaos.org/wordhtml/pdfs_r/guidelin/suprt_06.pdf. As accessed December 14, 2004.

Andersson GB, Lucente T, Davis AM, et al: A comparison of osteopathic spinal manipulation with standard care for patients with low back pain.. N Engl J Med 1999; 341(19):1426-1431.

Busse JW, Bhandari M, Schnittker JB, et al: Delayed presentation of cauda equina syndrome secondary to lumbar disc herniation: functional outcomes and health-related quality of life. Can J Emerg Med 2001; 3(4):285-291.

Cherkin DC, Eisenberg D, Sherman KJ, et al: Randomized trial comparing traditional Chinese medical acupuncture, therapeutic massage, and self-care education for chronic low back pain. Arch Intern Med 2001; 161(8):1081-1088.

Della-Giustina DA: Emergency department evaluation and treatment of back pain. Emerg Med Clin North Am 1999; 17(4):877-893, vi-vii.

Deyo RA & Weinstein JN: Low back pain. N Engl J Med 2001; 344(5):363-370.

Di Iorio D, Henley E, & Doughty A: A survey of primary care physician practice patterns and adherence to acute low back problem guidelines. Arch Fam Med 2000; 9(10):1015-1021.

Frymoyer JW: Back pain and sciatica. N Engl J Med 1988; 318(5):291-300.

Guzman J, Esmail R, Karjalainen K, et al: Multidisciplinary bio-psycho-social rehabilitation for chronic low back pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2002; -(1):CD000963-.

Hagen KB, Hilde G, Jamtvedt G, et al: Bed rest for acute low back pain and sciatica. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2004; -(4):CD001254.

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Jarvik JG & Deyo RA: Diagnostic evaluation of low back pain with emphasis on imaging. Ann Intern Med 2002; 137(7):586-597.

Kendrick D, Fielding K, Bentley E, et al: Radiography of the lumbar spine in primary care patients with low back pain: randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2001; 322(7283):400-405.

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Levy DB & Borenstein M: Emergency department management of low back pain. Top Emerg Med 1989; 11:11-28.

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Nyiendo J, Haas M, Goldberg B, et al: Pain, disability, and satisfaction outcomes and predictors of outcomes: a practice-based study of chronic low back pain patients attending primary care and chiropractic physicians. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2001; 24(7):433-439.

Patel AT & Ogle AA: Diagnosis and management of acute low back pain. Am Fam Physician 2000; 61(6):1779-1790.

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vanTulder MW, Scholten RJ, Koes BW, et al: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for low back pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2000; 2000(2):CD000396-.

Veterans Health Administration, Department of Defense: Clinical practice guideline for the management of low back pain or sciatica in the primary care setting. Washington (DC): Department of Veterans Affairs (US); Various p. [216 references] Available at:www.guideline.gov , May 1999.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.


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