Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
Boateng H & Wilckens JH: Patellofemoral Syndrome. In: Frassica FJ, Sponseller PD, Wilckens JH, eds. The 5-Minute Orthopaedic Consult, 2nd ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA, 2007.
Heintjes,E, Berger,MY, Bierma-Zeinstra,SM, et al: Pharmacotherapy for patellofemoral pain syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2004; 2004(3):CD003470--.
Witvrouw,E, Werner,S, Mikkelsen,C, et al: Clinical classification of patellofemoral pain syndrome: guidelines for non-operative treatment. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc, 2005; 13(2):122-130.
Juhn,MS: Patellofemoral pain syndrome: a review and guidelines for treatment. Am Fam Physician, 1999; 60(7):2012-2022.
Post,WR: Patellofemoral pain: results of nonoperative treatment. Clin Orthop Relat Res, 2005; 2005(436):55-59.
University of Michigan Health System: Knee pain or swelling: acute or chronic. Available at http://cme.med.umich.edu/pdf/guideline/knee.pdf, Accessed August 18, 2006.
Fredericson,M & Yoon,K: Physical examination and patellofemoral pain syndrome. Am J Phys Med Rehabil, 2006; 85(3):234-243.
© 2014 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.
The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.