Spasmodic Torticollis


What is spasmodic torticollis? Spasmodic torticollis, also called cervical dystonia, is a condition that causes your neck muscles to contract abnormally. Your neck may twist and cause your head to tilt to one side, forward, or backward. Spasmodic torticollis may occur occasionally or continuously. It often gets worse with stress.

What causes spasmodic torticollis? The exact cause of spasmodic torticollis is unknown. This condition may happen after an injury to your cervical spine. It may also be caused by a medical condition that affects your muscles, bones, nevous system, eyes, or balance. Your risk may be higher if you have a close family member who has spasmodic torticollis.

What are other signs and symptoms of spasmodic torticollis? You may have difficulty moving your neck. You may also have headaches, neck pain, or shoulder pain. Your neck muscles may have spasms, stiffness, or swelling.

How is spasmodic torticollis diagnosed? Your healthcare provider will examine your head and neck. You may also need any of the following:

How is spasmodic torticollis treated?

When should I contact my healthcare provider?

When should I seek immediate care or call 911?


You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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