Cocaine Abuse


What is cocaine abuse? Cocaine is a type of illegal drug. It is a white powder that is snorted (sniffed) or mixed with water and injected. It may also be made into free base (crack) and smoked. It may also be put on areas such as the gums or vagina.

How does cocaine work? Cocaine stimulates your central nervous system and helps you feel happy and excited. These feelings may last for a few minutes to hours. If you use cocaine more than once, these feelings may not be as strong or last as long. You may need more cocaine to get the same feelings.

What are the signs of cocaine abuse? Cocaine abuse may lead to problems being around others, doing your job, or new medical problems. You may have the following problems:

What are the signs and symptoms of cocaine withdrawal? Cocaine withdrawal happens when you have used cocaine for a long period of time, and you suddenly take less or stop taking it. Symptoms may begin within a few hours after you decrease or stop taking cocaine and may include the following:

How is cocaine abuse diagnosed?

What are the risks of cocaine abuse?

How may cocaine affect my baby?

Where can I find support and more information?

When should I contact my caregiver? Contact your caregiver if:

When should I seek immediate care? Seek care immediately or call 911 if:


You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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