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Cigarette Smoking and Your Health

American Heart Association: How Cigarettes Damage Your Body. American Heart Association. Dallas, TX. 2012. Available from URL: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/GettingHealthy/QuitSmoking/QuittingSmoking/How-Cigarettes-Damage-Your-Body_UCM_322735_Article.jsp. As accessed 2013-10-02.

Benjamin RM: Exposure to tobacco smoke causes immediate damage: a report of the Surgeon General. Public Health Rep 2011; 126(2):158-159.

Katznelson R & Beattie WS: Perioperative smoking risk. Anesthesiology 2011; 114(4):734-736.

National Cancer Institute: Harms of Smoking and Health Benefits of Quitting. National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD. 2011. Available from URL: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Tobacco/cessation. As accessed 2013-10-02.

Schane RE, Ling PM, & Glantz SA: Health effects of light and intermittent smoking: a review. Circulation 2010; 121(13):1518-1522.

Winickoff JP, Van Cleave J, & Oreskovic NM: Tobacco smoke exposure and chronic conditions of childhood. Pediatrics 2010; 126(1):e251-e252.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.