Insect Bite or Sting

Campbell RL, Li JT, Nicklas RA, et al: Emergency department diagnosis and treatment of anaphylaxis: a practice parameter. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2014; 113(6):599-608.

Baker TW , Webber CM , Stolfi A , et al: The TEN study: time epinephrine needs to reach muscle. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2011; 107(3):235-238.

Berkow R, Beers MH.: (eds). The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy. 17th ed. . Rathway, NJ: Merck Research Labs, 1999.

Edlow JA.: Lyme Disease and Related Tick-borne Illnesses.. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 1999 June;33(6):680-93.

Ozuah PO.: Tick Removal.. Pediatrics in Review, 1998 August;19(8):280.

Rosen P.: (ed). Emergency Medicine: Concepts in Clinical Practice. 4 th ed. . St. Louis, MO: Mosby-Year Book, Inc, 1998.

Campbell J.: Anaphylaxis.. Professional Nurse, 1997 March;12(6):429-32.

© 2015 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.