What is acne? Acne is a condition that causes red bumps, or pimples, to form on your skin. It is a long-term skin problem that is common in young adults.

What causes acne? Acne occurs when pores become blocked with oil, dirt, or bacteria. Pores are openings in your skin where oil, sweat, and hair are produced. Acne can also be caused by overactive sweat glands or high hormone levels.

What increases my risk for acne?

What are the different types of acne? Acne most often appears on the face, upper chest, back, and upper arms.

How is acne diagnosed? Your healthcare provider will examine your skin and ask if you have ever received treatment for acne. Tell him how long your acne lasts and which face care products you use. He may ask if anything makes your acne better or worse. You may need blood tests to check your hormone levels.

How is acne treated? Your acne may get worse for the first 2 weeks of treatment. You may start to see improvement in 4 weeks, but it may take up to 3 months to complete. You may need any of the following:

How can I help prevent acne? Use only the acne products that your healthcare provider recommends. Gels, solutions, cleansers, and medicated gauze pads may be used to reduce oily skin. Creams, ointments, and lotions are better if you have dry, sensitive skin. Continue to use these products as directed to prevent new acne. Your healthcare provider may tell you to use your skin products less often if your skin gets irritated. You may need to stop using them until the irritation goes away.

How can I manage my symptoms?

When should I contact my healthcare provider?


You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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