Eating a variety of foods gives your body the nutrition it needs to help protect against illness and reduce the risk of chronic disease.
How to eat
Portion sizes are important for staying a healthy weight. Use this chart to estimate your portions.
Protein builds tissues and helps strengthen muscles.
Iron is an essential mineral your body needs for energy. Most people get enough iron by eating the right amounts of iron-rich foods.
A regular diet includes a variety of foods. A healthy, regular diet includes fruits, vegetables, whole grains and fat-free or low-fat dairy foods.
Some people choose to eat mostly plant-based foods (grains, fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts and seeds).
Cholesterol, fat and salt
Cholesterol is a fat-like substance found in the food you eat. Too much LDL (low density lipoprotein) or "bad" cholesterol causes health problems. Making changes to your diet can help lower your LDL cholesterol.
With so many cooking fats and oils on the market choosing which one to use can be difficult. Which ones are the healthiest for you when used in moderation?
Many foods contain sodium naturally, but do not taste salty. Sodium causes your body to retain, or hold, more water. This increases the work of your heart as it pumps blood through your body.