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Understand your risk of heart disease

(HealthDay News) -- Coronary artery disease (CAD) occurs when plaque builds up in the vessels and restricts blood flow to the heart. Common risk factors for CAD include:

  • having high blood pressure, high LDL, or "bad," cholesterol or low HDL or "good," cholesterol
  • being a smoker, overweight or obese
  • having insulin resistance or being diabetic
  • having metabolic syndrome
  • getting insufficient exercise
  • eating an unhealthy diet that's high in saturated fat, sodium or sugar
  • being older
  • having a family history of heart disease.

Attribution: -- Diana Kohnle


U.S. National Heart Lung and Blood Institute

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First published: 02/06/2014
Last updated: 02/06/2014