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Bariatric care: Vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG)

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Vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG)

Allina Health locations

This surgical weight loss option is available at...

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In the 1980s, silastic ring vertical banded gastroplasty – "stomach stapling" – was developed. It is designed to reduce the amount of food the stomach will hold.

During vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) surgery, four rows of vertical staples are placed, and a small opening is created by securing a silastic ring near the end of this staple line. This opening allows food to pass normally, but more slowly, from the pouch to the stomach and then on to the intestines.

The digestion and absorption of the food does not change. But the amount of food that one can eat is restricted.

Are there risks to this surgery?

This surgery does carry risks. Possible complications include leakage (from where the stomach is cut and stapled), infection, bleeding, blood clots, narrowing of your pouch, anesthesia risks, hernia and ulcers. Death from weight loss surgery is a risk but it is not common.

Please discuss potential risks with your surgeon.

What happens during recovery?

You will need to commit to a lifestyle of healthful eating and regular exercise for the rest of your life. This will help you avoid re-gaining weight and help you manage your health.

Source: The Bariatric Centers of Allina Health
Reviewed by: William Rupp, MD, medical director, Bariatric Surgery Program of United Hospital
First Published: 05/25/2005
Last Reviewed: 11/21/2005