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Located above the kidneys, your adrenal glands make hormones that affect your body's reproductive system. Within the kidneys begins the urinary tract, which helps your body get rid of waste.

With special knowledge of those functions, our experts detect and treat these and other conditions:

  • diseases of the bladder, adrenal glands, kidney, prostate, testes and urethra
  • difficulties with bladder control and sexual performance
  • some sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)




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Source: American Board of Medical Specialties; American Medical Association

First published: 08/01/2004
Last updated: 09/28/2009

Reviewed by: Steven Bergeson, MD, medical director of quality, Allina Medical Clinic