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Prediabetes: Reducing Type 2 Diabetes Risk Through a Lifestyle of Good Nutrition and Activity
by Allina Health's Patient Education Department
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Prediabetes means that your blood glucose (sugar) levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be considered diabetes. Having prediabetes puts you at high
risk for developing diabetes.
Glucose: When food is digested, it turns to sugar, called glucose. Body cells use glucose for fuel, giving you the energy you need.
Insulin: A hormone made by the pancreas that helps glucose move into body cells.
Most people with prediabetes and type 2 diabetes have a condition called insulin resistance. If you have insulin resistance, your body can't use insulin properly.
At first, the pancreas produces more insulin to overcome this problem. Over time, the pancreas can't keep up and extra glucose builds up in the bloodstream.
The main causes of insulin resistance are heredity (passed on in the family) and being overweight.
Other causes can include high blood pressure or high cholesterol levels.
There are two types of prediabetes:
First published: 04/02/2009
Last updated: 04/02/2009
Reviewed by: Allina Patient Education experts