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Basic Skills for Living with Diabetes

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Diabetes health tip

Diabetes: Sorting fact from fiction
Diabetes is a serious illness. To help contain this leading cause of disability and death, it’s important to separate fact from fiction.

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Hyperglycemia or high blood glucose

Hyperglycemia means that your blood glucose is above your target range and you need to take action to lower it.

Causes and symptoms of high blood glucose

Causes include:

  • too much food
  • not enough diabetes pills or insulin
  • not enough physical activity
  • surgery
  • steroid medicine
  • illness
  • infection
  • physical or emotional stress.

Symptoms include:

  • increased thirst
  • frequent urination
  • less energy
  • blurred vision
  • hunger.

Treatment and prevention of hyperglycemia

The best way to treat hyperglycemia is to pay attention to your daily routine or manage your diabetes.

In your daily routine:

Call your doctor or diabetes educator if your blood glucose is over 250 mg/dL for 2 to 3 days in a row. You may need a change in your treatment.

If you have type 2 diabetes, follow the Adobe Reader required to view worksheetblood glucose scale.

Note: We used the word "glucose" instead of the word "sugar" so it does not get it confused with the sugar in food.


Source: Allina Patient Education, Basic Skills for Living with Diabetes, fifth edition, ISBN 1-931876-32-0

First published: 12/01/2006
Last updated: 10/25/2011

Reviewed by: Allina Patient Education experts