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Heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke
Your child's body can react when he is exposed to hot temperatures without drinking lots of fluids and resting.
- Heat cramps are actually muscle spasms. Have your child rest in shade, drink lots of water slowly and stretch his muscles.
- Heat exhaustion causes an upset stomach, weak muscles, dizziness and cool or pale skin. Have your child rest in the shade and drink lots of water slowly.
- Heat stroke is an emergency. This occurs if heat exhaustion is ignored. Heat stroke causes hot and dry skin (no sweating), shallow breathing and a weak pulse. Get your child to a hospital right away. The hotter the temperatures and the higher the humidity, your child is at a higher risk for heat stroke.
How to prevent heat-related illness
During the summer, make sure your child:
- dresses in loose-fitting, cool clothing
- stays out of direct sunlight as much as possible
- drinks plenty of water
- takes breaks often when playing outside
- stops playing outside when he gets tired