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Colds are caused by viruses. Antibiotics won't help your child's cold.
The cold viruses spread easily through the air. Try to keep
your child away from people with colds and teach your
toddler how to wash her hands and to cover her cough.
Cold symptoms, which usually last about 14 days,
- runny nose with discharge, which can be yellow or green or thin and clear
- fever (at the beginning of the cold)
- sore throat
- body aches
What to do for your child's cold
Until the virus runs it course, there are some things you can do to help your child feel better.
Bronchitis is an infection
of the mucous lining of the
bronchial (breathing) tubes
in your child’s lungs. It is
usually caused by a virus
and must run its course.
- Talk with your health care provider before you give any
over-the-counter cold medicine to your child if she is
younger than 6 years old.
- Drink extra liquids.
- Drink 2 teaspoons of honey to help the cough.
- Never give honey to a child younger than 1 year
old. This could cause infant food poisoning.
- Use a salt water (saline) nose spray.
- You can buy this over-the-counter.
- To make your own:
- Mix 1/4 teaspoon salt and 1 cup of water.
- Spray or place a few drops of the mixture into your child's nose. It may help relieve congestion.
- Treat a fever with medicine if your child is uncomfortable.
Nasal congestion in infants
Infants breathe in and out of their noses until about 4 months of age. You may need to suction your infant's nose with a bulb syringe before she eats. You may also need to use saltwater drops to soften the mucus before you suction it out.