Use an approved car seat for the height and weight of
your child every time he rides in a vehicle. Your child
must be in a car seat in the back seat until age 4.
After age 4, your child must ride in a car seat or beltpositioning
booster seat in the back seat until he is
4 feet 9 inches or taller.
Be a good role model for your child. Do not talk or text
on your cellphone while driving.
Keep all knives, guns or other weapons out of your child's reach. Lock guns and ammunition in different parts of your house.
Keep all medicines, cleaning supplies and poisons out
of your child's reach.
Call the poison control center (1-800-222-1222) or your
health care provider for directions in case your child
swallows poison. Have these numbers handy by your
telephone or program them into your phone.
Teach your child the dangers of running into the street. You will have to remind him often.
Teach your child to be careful around all dogs, especially when the dogs are eating.
Always watch your child near water. "Knowing how to swim" does not make him safe in the water.
Talk to your child about not talking to or following strangers. Also, talk about "good touch" and "bad touch."
What your child needs
Your child may throw temper tantrums. Make sure he is safe and ignore the tantrums. If you give in, he will throw more tantrums.
Offer your child choices (such as clothes, stories or breakfast foods). This will encourage decision-making.
Your child can understand the consequences of unacceptable behavior. Follow through with the consequences you talk about. This will help him gain self-control.
Let your child explore, show, initiate and communicate.
If you do not use day care, consider enrolling your child in nursery school or play groups.
You may be asked where babies come from and the differences between boys and girls. Answer these questions honestly and briefly. Use correct terms for body parts.
Ninety percent of 3-year-olds are bowel trained, 85 percent stay dry during the day and 60 to 70 percent stay dry at night. Praise and hug your child when he uses the potty chair.
If he has an accident, offer gentle encouragement for next time. Teach your child good hygiene and how to wash his hands. Teach your daughter to wipe from the front to the back.
Teach your child how to brush his or her teeth.
Use a soft-bristled toothbrush. You do not need to
use toothpaste. Have your child brush his teeth every
day, preferably before bedtime.
Make regular dental appointments for cleanings and
checkups starting at age 3. (Your child may need fluoride
supplements if you have well water.)
Your child may need to have his lead levels checked.
This is a blood test to look for high levels of lead in the
blood. Lead is a metal that can get into a child's body
from many things. Evidence shows that lead can be
harmful to a child if the level is too high.