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At this age, your child may:
climb and go down steps alone, one step at a time, holding the railing or holding someone's hand
open doors and climb on furniture
use a cup and spoon well
kick a ball
throw a ball overhand
take off clothing
stack five or six blocks
have a vocabulary of at least 20 to 50 words,
make two-word phrases and call himself by name
respond to two-part verbal commands
show interest in toilet training
enjoy imitating adults
show interest in helping get dressed, and wash and dry her hands
use toys well.
Your pediatrician or family practice provider will give your child an eye exam in the clinic.
Let your child feed himself. It will be messy, but this is another step toward independence.
Give your child healthful snacks like fruits and vegetables.
Do not to let your child eat nonfood things such as dirt, rocks or paper. Talk with your health care provider if your child will not stop this behavior.
Brush your child's teeth one to two times each day with a soft-bristled toothbrush. You do not need to use toothpaste. If you do, use a very small amount. Let your child play with the toothbrush after brushing.
You may move your child from a crib to a regular bed. This is important if he climbs out of the crib.
Your child may or may not take naps.
He may "fight" sleep as a way of controlling his surroundings. Continue your regular night-time routine: bath, brushing teeth and reading. This will help your child take charge of the nighttime process.
Praise your child for positive behavior.
Let your child talk about nightmares. Provide comfort and reassurance.
If your child has night terrors, he may cry, look terrified, be confused and look glassy-eyed. This can last up to 15 minutes. He should fall asleep after the episode. He probably won't remember what happened in the morning. Night terrors are not a problem. Try to not let your child get too tired before bed.
Call the poison control center (1-800-222-1222) or your health care provider for directions in case your baby swallows poison. Have these numbers handy by your telephone.
Use an approved car seat every time your child rides in the car. When your child turns 2 years old, you may turn the car seat forward in the back seat.
Protect your child from falls, burns, drowning, choking and other accidents.
Keep all medicines, cleaning supplies and poisons out of your child's reach.
Do not leave your child alone in the car or the house, even for one minute.
What your child needs
Do not let your child play with plastic bags or latex balloons.
Push chairs all the way to the table so your child can't climb.
Always watch your child when playing outside near a street.
Make a safe play area, if possible.
Always watch your child near water. "Knowing how to swim" does not make her safe in the water.
Lock up any poisons or toxic substances.
Do not let your child run around while eating.
Give your child safe toys. Do not let him play with toys that have small or sharp parts.